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Investigating ocean acidification during the late Maastrichtian and early Danian from marine sections of Brazil and India: implications for impact vs. volcanism roles in the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary mass extinction

Grant number: 19/11364-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Geological Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Luigi Jovane
Grantee:Priyeshu Srivastava
Home Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/24946-9 - Sea-level changes and Global Monsoon System: clues from marine cores in Brazil, AP.PFPMCG.TEM

Abstract

Presently, the Earth biodiversity is going into a phase of extinction due to the anthropogenic activity, and this modern day extinction is now being commonly termed as "sixth mass extinction". The abrupt increase in atmospheric CO2 due to fossil fuel burning leads to global warming and ocean acidification. In the projected future estimate for year 2100, pH of ocean surface water will be reduced by 0.5 units (0.1 unit = ~30% increase in the concentration of hydrogen ions), which might have severe impact on marine organisms. Investigating past climatic changes and ocean acidification will provide a detailed understanding on the future changes.The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary mass extinction at ~66 Ma witnessed extinction of ~75% species of all genera and demise of the non-avian dinosaurs. The two catastrophes namely Chicxulub asteroid impact and Deccan volcanism have been consistently argued upon for the trigger of mass extinction. Ocean acidification has been suggested as one of the kill mechanisms during the K-Pg boundary mass extinction. However, detailed global investigation has not been carried out on this kill mechanism for the K-Pg boundary mass extinction. In the proposed project we will investigate events of ocean acidification during late Maastrichtian to early Danian from the marine sediments of Brazil and India. Two proxies of ocean acidification i.e., dissolution of magnetites (bacterial and detrital) and carbonate will be studied using advanced methods of rock magnetism, geochemistry and stable isotopes. The results will be correlated with records from other locations. In this project, we aim to (1) reconstruct high resolution paleoclimate during the late Maastrichtian to early Danian from Brazil and India; (2) identify whether single or multiple events of ocean acidifications occurred during late Maastrichtian to early Danian; and (3) understand whether both asteroid impact and volcanism were responsible for the K-Pg mass extinction or only one catastrophe was responsible for the extinction.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PANWAR, S.; YANG, S.; SRIVASTAVA, PRIYESHU; KHAN, M. Y. A.; SANGODE, S. J.; CHAKRAPANI, G. J. Environmental magnetic characterization of the Alaknanda and Ramganga river sediments, Ganga basin, India. CATENA, v. 190, JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.