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Hemodynamic and autonomic effect of exercise in blood pressure and peripheral artery disease

Grant number: 19/19596-7
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): February 20, 2020
Effective date (End): August 19, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physical Education
Principal Investigator:Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac
Grantee:Isabela Roque Marcal
Supervisor abroad: Veronique Cornelissen
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências (FC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Bauru. Bauru , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium  
Associated to the scholarship:18/09695-5 - Hemodynamic response to heated water-based exercise in older individuals with hypertension: effect of high-intensity interval versus moderate-intensity continuous exercise, BP.MS

Abstract

Chronic elevation of blood pressure (BP) or hypertension (HPT) is one of the 10 leading risk factors influencing the global burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is directly responsible for as many as 7 million deaths annually, representing one of the biggest health problems worldwide with a significant societal and economic burden. In the subgroup of vascular diseases, peripheral artery disease (PAD) is defined as lower-extremity artery disease and it is characterized by progressive atherosclerotic build-up in leg arteries. PAD has strongly association with coronary or cerebrovascular disease, its estimated to be as high as 61 % in patients with higher mortality rate. Physical exercise promotion is one of the main global goals of innumerous health and medical societies for preventing and managing HPT and consequently, PAD. However, the relationship of exercise effects in HPT and PAD in a longer-term remains unclear. Studies comparing which type of exercise promotes better response in physiological mechanisms responsible for BP reductions as well as identification of hemodynamics, vascular and autonomics benefits responses in HPT and PAD need to be enlighten. Thus, the main purpose of this internship is to perform two different studies which have potential for high-impact publications in a leader center in exercise and health sciences, under supervision of one of the most renowned scientists in the world in the field of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation; to learn new methods, statistics analyses and measurements of data collection that will be used in current research group and master project, as well as in future projects, providing knowledge that will benefit population with cardiovascular disease and scientific literature.

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality, study shows 
Articles published in other media outlets (56 total):
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Correio Popular (Campinas, SP): O lado negativo do confinamento (20/Dec/2020)
Portal R7: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar estatísticas de mortes (17/Dec/2020)
Portal Exame: Inatividade física na quarentena pode elevar estatísticas de mortes (10/Dec/2020)
UOL: Inatividade física no isolamento pode aumentar risco de morte, diz estudo (07/Dec/2020)
Portal R7: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar mortes (07/Dec/2020)
Noticias de Contagem online: Histórico de atividade física não interfere no prognóstico de casos graves de COVID-19 (27/Jan/2021)
Santé blog (França): COVID-19 : L’exercice physique, une réponse urgente et vitale à la pandémie (23/Jan/2021)
Santé log (França): COVID-19 : L’exercice physique, une réponse urgente et vitale à la pandémie (23/Jan/2021)
Diario Siglo XXI (Espanha): La falta de ejercicio físico durante el confinamiento por Covid-19 puede provocar un aumento de la mortalidad (21/Jan/2021)
Infosalus (Espanha): La falta de ejercicio físico durante el confinamiento por Covid-19 puede provocar un aumento de la mortalidad (21/Jan/2021)
National Geographic España (Espanha) online: La falta de ejercicio físico durante el confinamiento puede aumentar la mortalidad (21/Jan/2021)
Fanpage (Itália): La sedentarietà da lockdown rischia di causare 1,7 milioni di morti e 11 milioni di casi di diabete (20/Jan/2021)
Vita e benessere news: La sedentarietà da lockdown rischia di causare 1,7 milioni di morti e 11 milioni di casi di diabete (20/Jan/2021)
Medical Xpress (Reino Unido): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Bioengineer (Reino Unido): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Science Codex: Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
ClinicalNews (EUA): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Scienmag Science Magazine (Reino Unido): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Il Mio Diabete (Itália): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Corona Stocks (Canadá): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Ethical Editor EUA): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
A Closer Look (EUA): Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Postin Trend: Lack of physical exercise during COVID-19 confinement may lead to a rise in mortality (19/Jan/2021)
Jornal da Manhã (Marília, SP): Pandemia induz comportamentos nocivos (03/Jan/2021)
Fatos do Iguaçu online: Coluna Acontece Saúde: Pandemia induz comportamentos nocivos - Fatos do Iguaçu (29/Dec/2020)
LatinAmericanPost: Brazilian study alerts on risk of diabetes due to confinement (23/Dec/2020)
LatinAmericanPost: Estudio brasileño alerta sobre riesgo de diabetes por confinamiento (23/Dec/2020)
Correio Popular (Campinas, SP) online: O lado negativo do confinamento (20/Dec/2020)
Polêmica Paraíba: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar estatísticas de mortes (17/Dec/2020)
Portal Correio: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar estatísticas de mortes, diz estudo (17/Dec/2020)
Catolé Agora: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar estatísticas de mortes, diz estudo (17/Dec/2020)
Notícias Botucatu: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar número de mortes (14/Dec/2020)
O Povo online: Sedentarismo na quarentena pode aumentar mortes por diabetes, aponta estudo (13/Dec/2020)
93 Notícias: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar mortes por outras causas (13/Dec/2020)
Professor José Costa: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar mortes por outras causas (13/Dec/2020)
Alô Tatuapé: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (10/Dec/2020)
Diário do Mucuri: Mortes por inatividade física na quarentena (10/Dec/2020)
Diário da Saúde: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar mortes por outras causas (09/Dec/2020)
Planeta online: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar número de mortes (09/Dec/2020)
Plantão News (MT): Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (08/Dec/2020)
Daynews: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (08/Dec/2020)
Diario de Yucatán (México) online: Incrementaría la diabetes (08/Dec/2020)
Panamá On (Panamá): Confinamiento sin actividad física aumenta riesgo de diabetes (08/Dec/2020)
Saber Atualizado: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (08/Dec/2020)
Tech 4 Health: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar estatísticas de mortes (08/Dec/2020)
La Verdad Noticias (México): Riesgo de diabetes puede aumentar en la cuarentena por falta de ejercicio (08/Dec/2020)
Bohemia (Cuba): El confinamiento aumentó el sedentarismo y empeoró la calidad alimentaria (08/Dec/2020)
Dom Total: Sedentarismo pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes na quarentena (07/Dec/2020)
Jornal da Ciência online: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (07/Dec/2020)
Atemporal: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (07/Dec/2020)
Revista Pará: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes (07/Dec/2020)
Portal da Enfermagem: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar as estatísticas de mortes, aponta estudo (07/Dec/2020)
Blog Saúde e Dicas: Inatividade física na quarentena pode aumentar mortes (07/Dec/2020)
Imagen Poblana (México): Confinamiento sin actividad física aumenta riesgo de diabetes, alerta estudio (07/Dec/2020)
Blog Sete Candeeiros Cajá: Sai do chão! (07/Dec/2020)
Doutor Jairo Bouer: Sedentarismo aumentou com Covid-19 e isso pode gerar mais mortes, alerta estudo (07/Dec/2020)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MARCAL, ISABELA ROQUE; FERNANDES, BIANCA; VIANA, ARIANE APARECIDA; CIOLAC, EMMANUEL GOMES. The Urgent Need for Recommending Physical Activity for the Management of Diabetes During and Beyond COVID-19 Outbreak. FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY, v. 11, OCT 28 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.