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Changes on the bottom limb of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on the last decades

Grant number: 21/09317-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2022
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Physical Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Olga Tiemi Sato
Grantee:Daniel Melo Costa Santos
Host Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:17/09659-6 - Interannual variability of the meridional transports across the SAMOC basin-wide array (SAMBAR), AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):23/11774-9 - The Antarctic bottom water analyzed from the finite element sea ice-ocean model (FESOM) outputs, BE.EP.DD


Since early 70's the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) is defined as the water mass with potential temperature below 2°C, this water mass is formed at Weddel Sea and is carried out of its formation regions by Deep Western Boundary Currents, a stage in which it constitutes the bottom limb of the Meridional Overturning Circulation. This feature plays a significant role in the oceanic heat storage, and hence it has a large impact on climate variability on a timescale from decades and longer, what leaded to an increasing research effort to measure its warming tendency. Nevertheless, the causes of its warming is still target of debates today, as is its northernmost reach. This project aims to enhance the knowledge related to the AABW, by looking to its formation region at the Antarctic continent, to its propagation paths along different South Atlantic basins, until its northernmost reach at the North Atlantic Ocean, through the use of unpublished data, oceanic model output, climatology, satellite data, numerical modeling and also by revisiting some of the available historical data. (AU)

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