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Pedagogies of production: FAU-USP and the teaching of architecture and design, 1962-1973

Grant number: 22/15886-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2023
Effective date (End): April 30, 2027
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal Investigator:José Tavares Correia de Lira
Grantee:João Bittar Fiammenghi
Host Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project aims to analyze the debates about the teaching of architecture and design between 1962 and 1973 from a bias that has been little researched in the historiography of education: the central and transversal character attributed to material production in professional education. It takes as an emblematic case of this process the School of Architecture and Urbanism in the University of São Paulo (FAU-USP), and in it the curricular reform carried out in 1962, the debate forums of 1963, 1968 and 1969 and their concrete repercussions in the pedagogical project and in the teaching practices within the institution until 1973. Such context is tensioned by the delimitation of boundaries between the fields of the architect and the designer in this key moment of industrialization and expansion of mass consumption in Brazil. It is understood that, despite the existing works about the institution, fundamental gaps remain, not only with regard to the reform and the forums themselves, but also to their meaning as privileged moments of resonance, in the discipline, of decisive themes in the country at that time, such as the development of productive forces in civil construction, the prefabrication of components, the ways of organizing construction sites and traditional know-how. Based, on the one hand, on the debate on the modernization of the economy, culture and society in the country in those years and, on the other hand, on the work of contemporary authors attentive to the directions and impasses of modern architecture and design, the aim is to analyze a series of documents and primary testimonies capable of better situating the centrality of the themes of production in our field. (AU)

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