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Utilization of ICDAS II clinical and radiographic criterion to occlusal caries detection: accuracy and reprodicibility

Grant number: 09/09643-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2009
Effective date (End): August 31, 2010
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry
Principal Investigator:Rita de Cássia Loiola Cordeiro
Grantee:Plínio Sciasci
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia (FOAr). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the performance of visual (ICDAS-II) and radiographic (RX) examinations for occlusal caries detection. Methods: Permanent human pre-molars and molars (n=120) with occlusal surfaces varying from sound to different degrees of non-cavitated and cavitated caries lesions will be selected. These teeth will have its occlusal surface photographed, (6.25x) where the sites will be selected and studied. Standardized bitewing radiographs will be taken using Ekataspeed Plus Film (#1) and RX device Gnatus XR6010 (60kvp/10mA/0.5seg). The films will be processed in an automatic machine and mounted in special holders. Two dental students will analyze all select sites twice with one-week interval, giving scores for ICDAS-II (0-6) and RX (0 - 3).The Gold Standard will be given by histological analysis observation under a light microscope and lesions will be classified in a 5-point scale according to Ekstrand et al. (1997). For occlusal caries detection, the reproducibility intra and inter-examiner and the effectiveness of visual and radiographic examination will be obtained. (AU)