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Young stellar objects embedded in ultracompact HII regions

Grant number: 09/07385-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2009
Effective date (End): December 31, 2009
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Astronomy
Principal Investigator:Cássio Leandro Dal Ri Barbosa
Grantee:Milton Vinícius Diogo de Sousa
Home Institution: Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (IP&D). Universidade do Vale do Paraíba (UNIVAP). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:06/02467-0 - The formation of high mass stars, AP.JP

Abstract

Massive stars have an important role in the evolution of galaxies. They are the source of heavy elements, momentum, mass and energy, injected in the interstellar medium. The ultraviolet radiation from these hot stars heats the dust in pre-stellar molecular clouds e give rise ultracompact HII regions. However, important questions, such as the lifetime in HII regions, the statistics of star embedded in molecular clouds amd their formation rate in the Milky Way still remain opened. Because they are embedded in their natal clouds, massive stars remain invisible at optical wavelengths until their process of formation is finished e the star is already at the main sequence. The high opacity in massive star forming regions at visible wavelengths precludes the identification of candidates for the ionizing source of a ultracompact HII region. This project will take advantage of observational techniques at the near and mid infrared, benefiting from the lower opacity at theses wavelengths, to identify and characterize the infrared counterparts of ultracompact HII regions.