AbstractThe main objective this research is to analyze how Nietzsche's prelections when he was a professor at the University of Basel - "Contribuição à história da tragédia grega: introdução à tragédia de Sófocles": - contain some of his first formulations on the Greeks and are the foundations for his theory of the tragic. We aim to show how these classes served as a blueprint for some important passages of his first published book: O nascimento da tragédia . The prelections are, therefore, the beginning of a theoretical path that would eventually take Nietzsche to his tragic conception of the world, to what he called the tragic conscience. To accomplish this objective, this research aims to analyze this path from these two issues present in his classes and in his published book: the meaning of the Schillerian chorus and the presence of the tragic effect on the three main Greek poets. Methodologically, the research will be carried out based on Mazzino Montinari's conception which take for granted reading Nietzsche's works from a philological-historical perspective instead of a pure philosophical one.
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