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Kraft pulping of thin chips

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Author(s):
Flavia Schmidt
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Francides Gomes da Silva Junior; Geraldo Bortoletto Junior; Luiz Fernando de Moura
Advisor: Francides Gomes da Silva Junior
Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of thin chips inserted on a short time and higher temperatures in cooking process, to obtain the basis for the establishment of a new process and / or the optimization of the currently systems used on an industrial scale. Samples of the reference chips (3,6 mm obtained by the conventional process of chipping) and thin chips with 0,5 mm, 1 mm and 2 mm (obtained by a particle generator) of the Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus grandis hybrid with 7 years of age had their density, chemical composition and fibers morphology evaluated. After the characterization, the materials were submitted to conventional kraft pulping process and three levels of H factor with four levels of active alkali were tested to establish an equation to represent the process that can be used on future cookings. Yield, residual active alkali, consumed active alkali, dry solids, H factor and active alkali were calculated through equations, according to a kappa number 18. The results show that the basic density, chemical composition and morphology of the wood fibers were not affected by the chipping process. However, the bulk density of 0,037, 0,081, 0,110 and 0,141 g.cm-³ for the 0,5 mm, 1 mm, 2 mm and 3,6 mm chips, respectively, was affected by the chip thickness. On the pulping process, the different chips had the same behavior, however, 2 mm chips showed the best kappa number to H factor 451, with the same yield as the other thickness. On the regression analysis, the 2 mm chips showed better performance, lower solids content and lower H factor (461), consistent with a short time pulping process. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16073-1 - Chip thickness and modified pulping process - principles for "FlashCooking" process
Grantee:Flavia Schmidt
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master