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Metabolomic evaluation of interactions in rhizosphere between Senna spectabilis and associated microorganisms

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Author(s):
Patrícia Cardoso
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Araraquara. 2016-03-07.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Química. Araraquara
Defense date:
Advisor: Ian Castro Gamboa
Abstract

Senna spectabilis is a medicinal plant with innumeral traditional therapeutic applications. As a source of rich metabolites with biological activities S. spectabilis' rhizosphere was the object of study in this work. The knowledge of the population of the microbiota of the rhizosphere contributes to the understanding of the interactions that may occur in this dynamic and rich region of the soil. A number of molecular methods have been developed in recent years to study the microbial community using PCR associated in the sequencing of 16S and ITS regions of rRNA. The objectives of this study were to identify the microbial population of rhizosphere seedlings of S. spectabilis and in sequence to select a few strains and submit them to co-cultures in a solid medium. Identification was achieved with 454- pyrosequencing of roots and iluminaseq sequencing of the hydroponic solutions, in which the seedlings were cultivated. Results showed a rich and varied population of bacteria and fungi notably the bacteria phyla Verrucromiobia, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and for the fungi the phyla Basidiomycota and Ascomycota. Selected species of fungi were cultivated in liquid Czapek-dox medium and a screening of the metabolic profile was conducted using HPLC-DAD and HPLC-DAD/MS. Among the metabolites detected in this previous evaluation are the polyketides derivates produced by Fusarium: zearalenones known as mycotoxins produced by many species of this genus. These results have induced to the selection of five fungi from Fusarium, Paecilomyces and one specie of bacteria, Burkholderia sp for mix cultivation in agar solid medium. The aim was to detect changes in the metabolic production and analyse the expected alterations by 1H NMR associated with chemometric method PCA and PLS and LC/MS. A series of enniatin could be detected by LC/MS indicating that co-culturing induced the modifications in the... (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/01158-1 - Evaluation of interactions between rhizosphere metabolomics of Senna spectabilis and associated microorganisms.
Grantee:Patrícia Cardoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate