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Effect of the incorporation of nanostructured silver vanadate in antimicrobial activity, mechanical properties and morphology of acrylic resins

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Author(s):
Denise Tornavoi de Castro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Andréa Candido dos Reis; Marco Antônio Schiavon; Evandro Watanabe
Advisor: Andréa Candido dos Reis
Abstract

Innovative dental materials that have antimicrobial properties are highly desirable in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of nanostructured silver vanadate (&beta;-AgVO3) incorporated into two acrylic resins against Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, while examining the mechanical properties and the pattern of nanomaterial incorporation into resins. The nanomaterial was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy Fourier transform (FTIR), elemental analysis by energy dispersive (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The antimicrobial properties of acrylic resins incorporated with different percentages of &beta;-AgVO3 were investigated by the reduction of XTT method, colony forming units (CFU) and confocal laser microscopy and the mechanical behavior through hardness, surface roughness, flexural, compression and impact tests. The pattern of incorporation of &beta;-AgVO3 resins was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and elemental analysis by energy dispersive (EDS). Data were analyzed by ANOVA, Tukey test and the Generalized Linear Models (&alpha; = 0.05). For both resins, compared to the control group, the incorporation of 5% and 10% &beta;-AgVO3 caused a significantly reduced in the metabolic activity of C. albicans and P. aeruginosa (p <0.05), while for S. mutans significant reduction was observed only with the incorporation of 10% (p <0.05). There was no difference in metabolic activity by XTT method against S. aureus (p> 0.05). For both resins, there was a significant reduction in the number of CFU / mL for C. albicans incorporated group with 10% &beta;-AgVO3 and S. mutans in groups with 2.5%, 5% and 10% of nanomaterial (p <0.05). For P. aeruginosa and S. aureus, there was a significant decrease with the incorporation of 5% to 10% (p <0.05). The surface hardness of the heat-cured resin was unchanged by the incorporation of the nanomaterial (p <0.05) and increased self-cured with 0.5% (p <0.05). Concentrations above 1% promote the reduction in flexural strength of the resins (p <0.05) while the surface roughness remained unchanged (P> 0.05). The compressive strength of the self-cured resin remained unchanged (P> 0.05) and heat-cured reduced with the incorporation of 0.5% and 10% (p <0.05). Concentrations of 5% and 10% caused a significant reduction in impact strength of resins, compared to control (p <0.05). The characterization of the resins as the dispersion of the filler used showed the presence of &beta;-AgVO3 domains along the polymer matrix following a circular pattern. It was concluded that the proposed method was able to promote antimicrobial activity to acrylic resins against microorganisms evaluated, with the same concentration dependent of the nanomaterial. However, changes in the &beta;-AgVO3 dispersion in the polymer matrix are necessary to do not sacrifice the mechanical properties and to enhance the antimicrobial effect (AU)