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Effectiveness of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in voice therapy of dysphonic women: control, randomized and double blind clinical trial

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Author(s):
Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio; Giédre Berretin; Eliana Maria Gradim Fabron; Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro; Heitor Marques Honório
Advisor: Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
Abstract

Introduction: For the treatment of the behavior dysphonia associated muscle tension are recommended techniques of cervical and laryngeal relaxation, concurrently with stimulation of the mucosa wave of the vocal folds, such as adequacy of glottal closure and smoothing the emission. Thereby, the use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), electrical current applied through surface electrodes, have been used in the vocal treatment of women with vocal nodules. This practice has shown good results in vocal quality and in reducing muscle pain, however, there are few scientific evidence about their effects added to voice therapy. Proposal: to verify the effectiveness of low frequency TENS associated with voice therapy on vocal quality and laryngeal dysphonic women. Methods: This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee, number 556.273. Twenty seven women with vocal nodules participated, 18-45 years of age (mean 33 years), divided, randomly into: experimental group (EG) - 13 women who received 12 sessions of application TENS (pulse: 200 μs, frequency 10 Hz, motor threshold), with electrodes placed on the trapezius muscle descending fibers and submandibular area, bilaterally, for 20 minutes, associated with 30 minutes of vocal therapy; and Control Group (CG) - 14 women who received 12 sessions of application TENS placebo (same conditions as EG, including the placed of the electrodes, but without receiving the stimulus in the form of electrical current) for 20 minutes, associated with 30 minutes of vocal therapy. All were submitted to vocal quality through auditory perceptual and acoustic voice analyzes; ENT evaluation through visual perceptual analysis; vocal self-perception; voice-related quality of life through the Voice-Related Quality of Life Protocol (V-RQOL); complaints and vocal/laryngeal and musculoskeletal pain symptoms, before, immediately after treatment and one month after. Results: It was observed, after statistical analysis, that there was no change vocal quality in both treated groups. In the acoustic analysis, there was decrease of the Soft Phonation Index (SPI) parameter, immediately after treatment and one month after, in both groups. In relation to larynx, there was improvement in the size of the lesion on the vocal folds only GE, immediately after treatment and one month after. There was no significant difference in the voice related quality of life, in both groups. There was improvement in the vocal self-perception in both groups after treatment, as well as lower frequency of the voice/laryngeal and musculoskeletal pain symptoms present immediately after treatment and one month after. Conclusion: The low frequency TENS associated with vocal therapy was effective in the reduction of the size of the lesion on the vocal folds in dysphonic women. The association of the TENS with vocal therapy produced similar results to vocal therapy, in relation to vocal quality, self-perception and voice-related quality of life, vocal and musculoskeletal pain symptoms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00834-1 - Effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in dysphonic women voice therapy: a randomized controlled trial and double blind
Grantee:Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate