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Metabolomic analysis of the bioactivity in COX and LOX pathways-dependent of plants from subtribe Lychnophorinae

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Camila Capel Godinho
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Leonardo Gobbo Neto; Alberto Jose Cavalheiro; Gloria Emilia Petto de Souza
Advisor: Leonardo Gobbo Neto

Several compounds from Lychnophorinae species (Asteraceae) are reported as inhibitors of cascade mediators that elicits the inflammatory process. During this process, two enzymes are essential in the metabolism of the arachidonic acid: cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX). The analysis of metabolic fingerprinting is a method that provides information about the object of study by using statistical tools, and enables the correlation of these data with others using in silico methods. This work therefore aimed to analyze 26 species of the Lychnophorinae subtribe for in vitro inhibition of COX-1 and 5-LOX and (to) identify the bioactive compounds responsible for this activity by in silico correlation analysis between bioactivity and metabolic fingerprint. The metabolomic analysis was carried out using UHPLC-DAD-ESI-Orbitrap and a metabolic fingerprint for each extract was obtained. The in vitro inhibition screening assays of COX-1 and 5-LOX revealed that 20 extracts presented dual inhibitory activity on both enzymes with IC50 values lower than 100 ?g.mL-1. Among them, 11 species showed IC50 values lower than 40 ?g.mL-1 and five lower than 10 ?g.mL-1. In order to identify discriminant substances (active), supervised and non-supervised multivariate statistical analysis (PCA, PLS e OPLS) were performed using the metabolic fingerprints and the results of enzyme inhibition. Through correlation analysis, it was possible to locate the substances most likely to be responsible for the pharmacological activity in both enzymes simultaneously; among them, five were chosen as the most likely. The substances were identified by dereplication as: a sesquiterpene lactone (4,5-dihydro-15-desoxygoyazensolide), two flavonoids (3-O-(acetil-hexoside)-quercetin and 7-O-(cumaroil-hexoside)-apigenine), and a hidroxynerolidol. In summary, in this work it was possible to reveal crude extracts with outstanding inhibitory potential of both, COX-1 and 5-LOX, enzymes as well as to propose the most probable compounds responsible for this action, and the compounds mentioned above were proposed as the main responsible for the inhibitory activity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/01707-3 - Metabolomic analysis of the bioactivity in COX and LOX pathways-dependent of plants from subtribe Lychnophorinae
Grantee:Camila Capel Godinho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master