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Genomic and evolutionary characterization of zoonotic viruses in the Americas

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Author(s):
William Marciel de Souza
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo; Marcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes; Bergmann Morais Ribeiro; Luis Lamberti Pinto da Silva
Advisor: Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo
Abstract

In last years, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) has been cost-effective and increasingly used for prospection and identification of viruses. These methods are extremely more sensitive than other molecular methods and are capable of sequencing viral genomes without prior knowledge, cloning or isolation. In this study, we used HTS approach to identify and characterize complete genomes of arbovirus isolated in the Americas, as well as viral prospection in samples of small mammals from São Paulo State, Brazil. Thus, we sequenced and characterized 44 viruses from Bunyavirales order, including 35 in Orthobunyavirus genus, family Peribunyaviridae, eight in Phlebovirus genus, family Phenuiviridae, and one in Orthonairovirus genus, family Nairoviridae. Among the Bunyavirales we identified a novel putative strategy for encoding the non-structural protein of the small segment, as well as we identified seven viruses that are natural reassortants. Also, we characterized the complete genome of the Piry vesiculovirus, determining its phylogenetic relationship with arboviruses belonging to the Vesiculovirus genus, family Rhabdoviridae. On the other hand, we have prospected novel viruses, which included in three families, Parvoviridae, Anelloviridae, and Hepeviridae. In the Parvoviridae family, we identified 20 endogenous and exogenous chapparvoviruses from a broad diversity of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts, representing a new subfamily, the Chapparvovirinae. Also, we have described eleven new species of Anelloviridae in wild rodents and marsupials, providing important information on diversity, taxonomy and even broadening the range of known anelloviruses hosts. Finally, we identified and characterized a novel species of orthohepevirus in Sigmodontinae rodent, named \"Orthohepevirus E\". We believe that we are providing relevant relevant on genomics, molecular epidemiology, evolution and taxonomy of 45 American arboviruses, as well as on 13 new viral species found in small mammals. Thus, these informations should provide support for multiple future studies to understand the importance of these new viruses, as well as to develop diagnostic methods. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24150-9 - Research of virus in wild rodents, mosquitoes and ticks
Grantee:William Marciel de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate