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Exogenous fibrolytic and amylolytic enzymes at feeding dairy cows

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Author(s):
Elissandra Maiara de Castro Zilio
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Francisco Palma Rennó; Rafael Villela Barletta; Jefferson Rodrigues Gandra
Advisor: Francisco Palma Rennó
Abstract

Lactating cows diets are comprised mostly of carbohydrates which are not fully available for microbial fermentation in the rumen, critical factor for to obtain energy in ruminants. The aimed of this study was to evaluate the effect of fibrolytic enzyme (Fibrozyme®, Alltech Inc., Springfield, KY) on nutrient intake, sorting index, total tract digestion, ruminal fermentation, nitrogen utilization, metabolic profile, milk yield and composition in diets with or without amylolytic enzyme (Amaize, Alltech Inc., Springfield, KY) of mid-lactating dairy cows. Thirty-two multiparous Hostein cows with 181.3 ± 35.3 (mean ± SD) days in milk (DIM), 571 ± 72.7 kg of body weight (BW) and 29.6 ± 5.24 kg/d of milk yield, were blocked and randomly allocated to a sequence of treatments in a 4 × 4 Latin square experimental design. Treatments were obtained in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, as follows: 1) Control (CONT), basal diet without exogenous enzymes; 2) Fibrolytic enzyme (FIB), provision of Fibrozyme® (batch#: 417990-2; Alltech, Nichollasvile, KY) at 1 g/kg of concentrate (51 IU of xylanase activity/kg diet DM); 3) Amylolytic enzyme (AMY), provision of AmaizeTM (batch#: 432715-1; Alltech) at 0.66 g/kg of concentrate (203 FAU/kg diet DM); and 4) Fibrolytic enzyme plus amylolytic enzyme (FIB+AMY), enzymes added at the same rate in FIB and AMY treatments. The enzymes were applied to meet the intake of 12 and 8 g/cow/day of Fibrozyme® and AmaizeTM, respectively. Enzymes products were added to concentrate during its preparation (once a week). Enzymes no effects on intake and digestibility of nutrients. However, there was FIB and AMY interaction effect on selection index of particle size between 19 and 8 mm. Amylolytic enzyme increase selection index of particles with 19 and 8 mm, only treatments without FIB. Furthermore, AMY decreased the sorting for feed with particle size greater than 19 mm. There was FIB and AMY interaction effect on butyric acid concentration. Amylolytic enzyme increased on butyrate concentrations in cows treated with fibrolytic enzyme. Fibrolytic and amylolytic enzyme interaction effect tended on N excreted in milk, in which FIB decrease N excreted in milk only on animals non-treated with AMY. Whereas AMY reduced urinary N excretion. There was interaction effects of fibrolytic and amylolytic enzymes on cholesterol concentration and the enzymatic activity of AST and GGT. The fibrolytic enzyme reduced cholesterol concentration and increased GGT enzyme activity in animals not treated with amylolytic enzyme. There was FIB and AMY interaction effect on lactose and protein production. Fibrolytic enzyme decreased lactose and protein production, only on animals non-treated with AMY. Exogenous enzymes had no impact on milk production of dairy cows. Enzymes exogenous affected on particle size greater, ruminal fermentation and milk composition. This study did not show evidences that fibrolytic and amylolytic enzymes can alter total tract nutrient digestibility and performance of mid-lactating cows. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15711-8 - Amylolytic and fibrolytic enzymes in feeding dairy cows
Grantee:Elissandra Maiara de Castro Zilio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master