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Cities in development: landscape archeology in São Luiz do Paraitinga amidst São Paulo\'s urbanization context

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Author(s):
Diogo Fonseca Borsoi
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira Bueno; Carlos de Almeida Prado Bacellar; Maria Aparecida de Menezes Borrego; Maria Fernanda Derntl; Jose Carlos Vilardaga
Advisor: Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira Bueno
Abstract

The issue of the History of Urbanization in São Paulo was a research problem addressed by a number of scholars. In general, it\'s presented in two well-defined phases: a first concentrated in the 17th century until 1705, and a second one resumed after the Restoration of the Captaincy in 1765, extending throughout the 19th century. In the period corresponding to the first half of the 18th century, no new villages were created due to economic and demographic issues related to the gold rush. Thus, this thesis seeks to understand, over a long period of time and at various scales of analysis, an interrupted process of urbanization of the Captaincy. For this, we used Nestor Goulart Reis Filho\'s concept of urbanization, allowing a broader view of the urban phenomenon, covering urban centers considered insignificant due to their smallness or even vestiges of human occupation linked to urban demands and to the concept of urban system, in which the dynamics of the nuclei can be explained by the role it played within the urban network in which it was inserted. We also use Bernard Lepetit\'s concept of scale games when he says that the scale choice is relative to a determinate point of view and when the optics are changed, the level of information is also changed, but not the subject. In that way, each scale presented a specific problem that was solved by analyzing a set of documents, such as maps, prints, crafts, post-mortem inventories, demographic documents (\"Maços de População\"), property taxes, etc. We sought to investigate, on the macro territorial scale of the Captaincy and, mainly, in the first half of the 18th century, other urban forms, above all, the constitution of a network of parishes. We also discuss, on this scale, that the creation of villages never happens in a vacuum and, in that sense, there were a multiplicity of agents participating in this process, besides the employees most directly linked to the colonial administration. Then, we began to address the issue of urbanization on a smaller scale, cutting out São Luiz do Paraitinga and the roles it fulfilled in macro-territorial logics. The question of Pombaline guidelines for the foundation of villages in Portuguese America is approached in the light of pre-existences and the participation of settlers as modeling agents of the city. Its intra-urban area was studied from the perspective of Landscape Archeology, investigating the logic of its growth and elevation, sociotopographs, the economic and social factors involved in the constitution of the nucleus. Finally, we carried out a study on the economy of the village of São Luiz in order to understand what were the commercial networks in which the townspeople were inserted and how it reflected on the materiality of the nucleus that today is national heritage and one of the main historical groups of the State from São Paulo. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/25308-6 - The "Paraíba Valley" beyond the river: interfaces between the mountain villages above and the ports of the navy. The case of São Luís do Paraitinga (18th-19th centuries)
Grantee:Diogo Fonseca Borsoi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate