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Nerve guidance channels functionalized with multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells promotes sciatic nerve renegeration in rats

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Author(s):
Diego Noé Rodríguez Sánchez
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Botucatu. 2020-11-04.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. Botucatu
Defense date:
Advisor: Rogério Martins Amorim
Abstract

Peripheral nervous injuries (PNS) are highly debilitating, leading to long-term motor and sensory deficits. Nerve regeneration depends of the permissive microenvironment for axonal growth associated to bioactive molecules. In this sense, the use of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells adipose tissue derived (AdMSC) in combination with nerve guidance conduits (NGC) could be promising strategies for nerve regeneration. Wistar rats were submitted to critical sciatic nerve injury (12 mm gap) and divided into experimental groups: Sham, GA (autograft), GPCL (empty NGC), GPCL + MSCc (NGC + 106 plus canine AdMSC embedded in fibrin biopolymer), GPCL + MSCr (NGC + 106 plus rat AdMSC embedded in fibrin biopolymer). Polycaprolactone (PCL) NGC was manufactured by 3D printing. In vitro, regenerative potential was evaluated after INF- stimulation (BDNF, GDNF, HGF and IL-10). In vivo, were measure the sciatic ant tibial functional index for 12 weeks. Gait analysis and electroneuromyography were performed at 8 and 12 weeks. Post-mortem, morphometric analysis was made at 8 and 12 weeks after nerve repair. Thirty days after lesion in the GPLC+MSCc and Sham, were evaluated the expression of neurotrophins (BDNF, GDNF and p75NTR receptor), Schwann cells reactivity by immunofluorescence (S-100 and neurofilament) and gene expression in the spinal cord (BDNF, GDNF, HGF, IL-6 and IL-10). The stimulation with INF- increased gene expression on canine AdMSC in vitro for BDNF, GDNF, HGF and IL-10. The groups GPCL+MSCc and GPCL+MSCr showed functional motor and electrophysiological motor recovery when compared with the GPCL group at 8 and 12 weeks. However, the values were not superior to GA group. These findings were related to presence of myelinated fibers, increased of neurotrophins expression BDNF, GDNF and p75NTR on sciatic nerve and up-regulation of the BDNF, GDNF and HGF in the spinal cord. A trend towards greater reactivity of Schwann cells and axonal branching in the sciatic nerve were observed. The 4 combination of NGC 3D-printing and functionalized with canine and rat AdMSC showed neuroprotective effects. The association of canine or rat AdMSC and fibrin biopolymer support trophic microenvironment and stimulate a proregenerative state in severe sciatic nerve injury in rats. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/14364-2 - EFFECT OF TRANSPLANTATION OF POLYCAPROLACTONE TUBE (PCL) COATED WITH MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS IN PERIPHERAL NERVE REGENERATION IN RATS
Grantee:Diego Noé Rodríguez Sánchez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate