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Analysis of antimicrobial activity of purified fractions and extracts of marine invertebrates and microorganisms on Streptococcus mutans and influence on main virulence factors

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Author(s):
Bruna de Araujo Lima
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Regianne Umeko Kamiya; Cristiane Yumi Koga Ito; Cristiane Duque
Advisor: Reginaldo Bruno Gonçalves; Regianne Umeko Kamiya
Abstract

Streptococcus mutans are the principal etiologic agent of dental caries. The search for new natural antimicrobial agents capable of inhibiting the mechanisms of virulence of S. mutans, as synthesis and tolerance to acid and dental biofilm formation may represent an important strategy for prevention and treatment of this infection. Recent studies have confirmed that natural products of marine origin have significant antimicrobial activity against pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of extracts or purified fractions obtained from marine invertebrates and microorganisms associated on S. mutans and other oral streptococci such as S. sobrinus and S. sanguinis by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). Additionally, we evaluated the influence of extracts and / or active fractions on the formation of biofilm and the expression of genes associated with virulence factors of S. mutans UA159 and a S. mutans clinical isolate. We analyzed genes associated with the capacity of biofilm formation (gtfB/C, gbpB), acids synthesis (ldh) and acid stress tolerance (dnaK, GroEL, ATPase). 768 fractions / extracts was tested and about 10% inhibited by 50% to 100% of the microbial growth of oral streptococci (MIC and MBC with less than 500ìg/mL). Among the extracts and fractions used were selected an extract (DR (M3) 6) and two purified fractions (PcS2d and DR-MSP-10d-P3) with antimicrobial activity and MIC / MBC less than 125ìg/mL on S. mutans, to evaluate the activity of virulence factors. At concentrations 7ìg/mL, 31ìg/mL e 62ìg/mL, the fractions PcS2d, DRMSP- 10d-P3 and extract DR (M3) 6, respectively, inhibited the formation of biofilms without interfering with planktonic growth the two strains examined, in addition to treatment with the antimicrobial agents, these same concentrations for 30 minutes, resulted in reducing the expression of genes gtfB, gbpB, dnaK ATPase in different proportions for the strains S. mutans UA159 and clinical isolate. In conclusion, substances evaluated, especially the purified fractions can further be used as anticariogenic / cariostatic potential; however, more studies are needed for this application. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/01078-2 - Analysis of antimicrobial activity of purified fractions and extracts of marine invertebrates and microorganisms on Streptococcus mutans and influence on their virulence factors
Grantee:Bruna de Araujo Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master