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The merchant seamen's places: work and associativism in Manaus, 1905-1919

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Author(s):
Caio Giulliano de Souza Paião
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fernando Teixeira da Silva; Claudio Henrique de Moraes Batalha; Luís Balkar Sá Peixoto Pinheiro; Aldrin Armstrong Silva Castellucci; David P Lacerda
Advisor: Fernando Teixeira da Silva
Abstract

The advent of steam navigation on the Amazon River, starting in 1853, was a project that intertwined notions of modernity and progress with a process of racialization of maritime work. In this case, racialization is a key element to discuss subordination places assigned to the occupants of the deck and fire, most of whom are of indigenous and African descent. The separation of these functions conceived by the officers was not limited to the organization of tasks on board, but sought to be expanded to prohibit the autonomy of seamen outside the ships. The port of Manaus is the disembarked world analyzed here, transformed at the beginning of the 20th century to meet the high demand for rubber. The choice of seafarers to enroll in Manaus informs aspirations of freedom in that space, whose modernization implied an erasure of the indigenous and african influence of that port life. The period studied encompasses the moment when seafarers' associations re-signified the positions occupied in trades to gain political participation in the republican regime, opposing the naturalization of the inferiority of manual workers and the exclusion of their citizenship. The backgrounds begins with the creation of the first association by trade, in 1905, encompasses riots and strikes during the Great War, and ends in 1919, when Amazonian seafarers proposed the inclusion of the category in social legislation. Until then, the merchant navy was subject to military jurisdiction and prohibited from claiming rights with the working class. This thesis problematizes the subordination imposed on mariners by legal, professional and associative bias, considering the imposition of racialization logics in the years following the end of slavery. And it discusses the agency of seafarers in creating their own places in physical spaces, in workplaces and in associations. We will see the role of these places in the making of a working class, revisiting themes from Maritime History, the "Age of Sail" and the Atlantic trade, to perceive continuities and changes in the "Age of Steamer" in a region far from the coast (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/18252-0 - Work, associative life and labor movement: the sailors in the Port of Manaus (1905-1945)
Grantee:Caio Giulliano de Souza Paião
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate