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Differential expression analysis of genes related to drought stress tolerance in common bean

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Author(s):
Milena Moura de Araujo Biazuzo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/STB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Tsai Siu Mui; Joni Esrom Lima; Natal Antonio Vello; Maria Imaculada Zucchi
Advisor: Tsai Siu Mui
Abstract

Brazil is the largest producer of common beans, with average annual production of 3.5 million tonnes; however, one of the biggest problems faced by this crop is drought, which leads to a considerable reduction in their yield. Thus, the identification of genes that control the defense mechanisms and adaptation of common bean to drought during its development is very useful. Drought tolerance is a multigenic character, so genotypes with different degrees of water deficit tolerance exhibit differential gene expression, with activation and/or repression of certain genes. Therefore, this study aimed to: (i) identify differentially expressed genes in two common bean genotypes, one tolerant (BAT 477) and other susceptible (IAC-Carioca 80SH) to drought, (ii) verify the spatial (root, stem and leaves) and temporal (five increasing levels of water deficit - 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, 96 h and 120 h of stress exposition) gene expression by RTqPCR (iii) predict the genes function, based on Arabidopsis thaliana orthologous genes, using available data in the public microarray platform Genevestigator. To achieve these objectives, an experiment was conducted in a green house, being induced water deficit, by withholding water when the plants reached growth stage R5, maintaining adequate water supply under the control plants. To isolate transcripts differentially expressed between the two genotypes under drought was used the cDNA-AFLP technique, which coupled with sequencing enabled the identification and annotation of 45 transcripts, 21 exclusively expressed in the tolerant genotype and 24 in the susceptible one. Among the transcripts identified in the tolerant genotype, may be listed at least 11, with potential to be used in genetic transformation (chlorophyll A-B binding protein, HSP40, HSP70, glycosyl hydrolase, serine/threonine protein kinase, trehalose-6-phosphate synthase, E3 ubiquitin ligase, fructose biphosphate aldolase, mediator complex subunit 13, aquaporin nodulin MTN-3-related and TCP transcription factor), and in the susceptible genotype, can be listed nine (coatomer protein complex, monoamine-oxidase A repressor R1, synaptobrevin, haloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolase, ADP-ribosylation factor, mTERF, serine protease S1C HtrA-related, legume lectin and SWI/SNF-related chromatin binding). In the spatial and temporal gene expression analysis, the transcripts that stood out for use in genetic transformation future studies were: aquaporin nodulin MTN3, E3 ubiquitin ligase, serine/threonine protein kinase, glycosyl hydrolase and HSP 70 protein, since it had an expression quite pronounced in the tolerant genotype. Through the in silico analysis, based on orthologous genes of A. thaliana, was discovered processes and metabolic pathways that may be involved in the common bean response to drought. In addition, we identified genes associated with drought tolerance, corroborating the experimental data. Thus, the present results provide the necessary understanding to develop molecular tools (markers for differentially regulated genes) to be used in breeding programs, as well as basic genetic information in the common bean functional genome annotation and also to use these candidate genes for genetic transformation to obtain drought-tolerant plants. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/01037-0 - Isolation and analysis of differential gene expression in common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) cultivars tolerant and susceptible to water stress.
Grantee:Milena Moura de Araujo Biazuzo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate