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Cochlear implant in children with cerebral palsy

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Author(s):
Maria Jaquelini Dias dos Santos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Katia de Freitas Alvarenga; Dionisia Aparecida Cusin Lamonica; Maria Valeriana Leme de M Ribeiro
Advisor: Maria Cecilia Bevilacqua
Abstract

Due to safety and promising results observed in the setting of auditory rehabilitation by cochlear implant (CI), the indications of the CI started to include other children with hearing loss and additional disabilities. Among the groups of children with hearing loss and additional disabilities, the children with cerebral palsy (CP) showed the best results after the CI. The purpose of this study was study the benefits in hearing, language and communication after the use of CI, and investigate aspects of motor development, performance and level of independence in activities of daily living have relationships with the progress in CI. The group was formed by eight children with CP and CI users for at least six months. The children were assessed three times, with total follow-up of 24 months. The aspects evaluated were: hearing, language, communication, motor development, level of independence and functional performance in daily activities, in different areas: Self-care (SC), Mobility (MOB) and Social Function (SF). The main procedures used in the evaluation were: Observation of Communicative Behavior (OCC), Denver Development Screening Test (DDST II), Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), the Hearing Categories and Categories of Expressive Language. All children developed the cochlear implant, in the matters of hearing, language and communication, but with different rates. The motor development and functional performance in SC, MOB, and FS showed significant progress from the time of assessment. The level of independence (caregiver assistance) did not show significant changes. Children with better language scores in the DDST II had the best scores in the OCC and in the hearing categories, as well as other associations between the auditory and motor function, social skills and SC were observed. The progress with the cochlear implant for children with cerebral palsy was possible, but with different rates for each child. The measurement of aspects of functionality provided an overall analysis of the child, and this is important to describe the child with cerebral palsy and enrich the guidance of parents. The CI provided benefits in hearing and language, which are the main factors to establish a form of communication. The ability to communicate is a positive factor and acts as a main point in the social inclusion of children with cerebral palsy, improving quality of life. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/03202-5 - Cochlear implant in children with cerebral palsy
Grantee:Maria Jaquelini Dias dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master