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Morphometric and molecular characterization of the role of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in alveolar bone repair process under homeostatic and infectious conditions

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Author(s):
Andreia Espíndola Vieira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet; Leonardo Rigoldi Bonjardim; Paulo Sérgio Cerri; Paula Dechichi; Vanessa Soares Lara
Advisor: Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet
Abstract

Bone metabolism is influenced by endocrine, genetic and growth factors, RANK/RANKL/OPG system, besides a variety of regulatory molecules, such as cytokines. Cytokines have been implicated in pathogenesis of bone diseases, however, little is known about the mechanisms involved in the interaction between skeletal and immune system in the bone repair process. The objective of this study was characterized the role of TNF-α and IL-10 in alveolar bone repair under homeostatic (control [C]) and infectious (experimental alveolitis [A]) conditions in C57Bl/6 (WT), TNFp55KO and IL-10KO mice. After surgery, in infectious groups was induced by ischemia alveolitis the well and a suspension of pus. The maxillas were collected at 0h, 7, 14 and 21 days after extraction of the maxillary incisor for histologic, histomorphometric and molecular (RealTimePCR). In histomorphometric analysis parameters were measured clot, inflammatory cells, fibers, fibroblasts, blood vessels, bone matrix, osteoblast, osteoclast, and other space - the interstitial fluid and bone mar row. Molecular analysis (RealTimePCR) were quantified the expression of growth factors, bone markers and extracellular matrix, cytokines and chemokines involved in the process. The data were submitted to the OneWay ANOVA test followed by Tukey\'s multiple comparison test. The results showed that in WT-C initial clot formation (0 hours) with early expression of BMP2, BMP4, BMP7, and TGFb1 VEGFa who had gradual increase peaking in 7 days. The expression of TNF-α and IL10 also peaked at 7 days in parallel with leukocyte count, associated with CCL2, CCL5 and CXCL1. In late periods there were decrease of inflammation and markers osteoblastic / osteogenic increased. Induction of experimental alveolitis in WT resulted in a marked increase in expression of TNF-α accompanied by increased expression of CXCL1 and CCL5, increased leukocyte count and decreased of IL10 expression that peaked at 14d, besides prominent leukocyte infiltration and granulation tissue, as well as histological evidence of delayed bone repair. Negative impact of alveolitis was attenuated in TNFp55KO mice, characterized by appropriate repair rate, decreased of the number of leukocytes and osteoclasts that WT-A. On the other hand, a lessened repair was observed in IL10KO animals, evidenced by lower density of the density of osteoblasts and bone matrix than respective control. In conclusion, the results show that both cytokines interferes in alveolar bone repair through mechanisms that involve the control of inflammatory cell migration and modulation of chemokines and osteogenic markers expression, since that the absence of IL-10 is associated with higher inflammatory activity and bone resorption concomitant with lower bone formation, while the deficiency of TNF-αa affect the recruitment of leukocytes and the kinetics of alveolar bone healing both in homeostatic and infectious conditions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/11496-1 - Morphometric and molecular characterization of pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines roles in the alveolar bone repair process under homeostatic and infectious conditions
Grantee:Andreia Espíndola Vieira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate