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Determination of change in the composition of the acquired pellicle formed on enamel and dentin after acid exposure: proteomic study

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Author(s):
Taisa Ribas Delecrode
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marilia Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf; Fernanda Lourenção Brighenti; Walter Luiz Siqueira Junior
Advisor: Marilia Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
Abstract

The purpose of this work was to analyze changes in protein profile in the acquired pellicle formed on enamel and dentine at different times in situ after exposure to lactic and citric acids. Enamel (n=162) and dentin (n=162) blocks (3X3 mm) were be used. The experiments were conducted on three consecutive days. Each day, volunteers (n = 9) used a mandibular device containing 6 blocks of enamel and 6 of human dentin. After the volunteers remained with the device in the oral cavity for 10 or 120 minutes in order to allow the formation of the acquired pellicle, the blocks were immersed in citric acid (1%, pH 2.5) or lactic acid (0.1 M, pH 4,8) or deionized water for 20 seconds. Following, the pellicle was collected with an electrode filter paper soaked in 3% citric acid. This procedure was repeated for two additional days and \'pools\' with the filter papers obtained from the 9 volunteers for each type of substrate, sampling time and type of acid were made. After extraction, proteins were subjected to reverse phase liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MS/MS). MS/MS data were processed and submitted to SEQUEST software [Proteome Discoverer 1.3 (Thermo Scientific)]. Searches were done using SWISS-PROT and TrEMBL databases. The rate of protein identification was low for enamel (13 proteins in total). As for dentin, the rte of protein identification was higher (223 proteins in total). Exposure to citric acid dramatically reduced the number of identified proteins, what did not occur for lactic acid. Acid-resistant proteins, especially keratins and mucins were identified for enamel and dentin, respectively. These proteins, or the peptides originated from them that are responsible for the protective effect, are candidates to be used for the enrichment of dental products, aiming to prevent dental caries and erosion. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03284-4 - Determination of change in the composition of the acquired pellicle formed on enamel and dentin after acid exposure: proteomic study
Grantee:Taísa Ribas Delecrode
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master