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Impacts of Development on Traditional Communities: Agrofood Transition and Adaptive Adjustments

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Author(s):
Rodrigo de Jesus Silva
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello; Cristina Adams; Paulo Eduardo Moruzzi Marques; Gabriela Bielefeld Nardoto
Advisor: Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello; Luiz Antonio Martinelli
Abstract

The greater access to urban and globalized world may be endangering the livelihood of traditional people, generating impacts on food and agrofood system. Therefore, aiming to infer these possible impacts of development and adaptation strategies of traditional peoples to new socioeconomic demands, the study was conducted in the remaining slaves Kalunga - GO and artisanal fishermen of Apeú Salvador - PA island. Since, through quantitative and qualitative evaluations the objective was to understand the consequences on traditional communities due to increased urbanization, income, greater access to the market economy and public policy. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations were employed. Qualitative have been applied for characterizing the local socioeconomic conditions, food and forms of resources use, using food 24h recall, reports of local people and field observations. Quantitative evaluation was performed using isotope analysis of fingernails and interviewed by assessment of the influence factors on local food. The use of isotopic ecology allowed evaluating diet as the source of origin, natural or industrial, and characterizing food according to the level of the trophic chain, presence of meat, fish and others. Qualitative research with quantitative allowed to identify elements of agrofood transition on accessible communities. In contrast to this transformation pattern in some communities the resistance of traditional way of life and reorganization was identified through incentives for agroextractive production and other economic activities related to local culture. Based on fish production in Apeú Salvador and cassava flour in Kalunga, the encouragement of work and maintenance of local autonomy are alternatives that may enhance adaptation to global changes of modernity. Thus, although some of the results referring to the change in food habits and use of natural resources, under certain conditions the impacts of development on traditional peoples can be bypassed. Although relativization the interference of modernity on the agrofood system of traditional communities it\'s real and need to be properly considered by external interventions and public policies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08686-3 - The paradox of poverty: a study about the impact of development on the food habits of the historical site Kalunga (GO)
Grantee:Rodrigo de Jesus Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)