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The paradox of poverty: a study about the impact of development on the food habits of the historical site Kalunga (GO)

Grant number: 11/08686-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2011
Effective date (End): March 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal researcher:Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello
Grantee:Rodrigo de Jesus Silva
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil


This project aims to evaluate the impacts of development on the remaining communities of slaves Kalunga - located in the northeastern state of Goias - through the transformation of traditional local food habits. Relativizing the concept of poverty in the context of traditional populations isolated, it is considered that, despite its low levels of development, such people may have an intricate arrangement with local culture which lead to a more diverse and healthy diet, compared to those closest to urban environment. But the development based on globalization process and increasing industrialization have replaced local production of processed products healthy for anothers of easy access - the so-called supermarket items - changing food habits in Kalunga. From this, it is assumed that in a scenario of historically established isolation, it is important that poverty is measured in terms of local cultural aspects, assuming that this is the deprivation of basic capabilities, not just identified as low income. Focusing both descriptive and analytical study that aims to understand the relationship between development and cultural transformation in traditional communities isolated by investigating possible changes in the local food habits due to increasing urbanization, income, greater access to a market economy, etc. For this, we used quantitative and qualitative assessments. The quantitative analysis will be performed by isotopic nails collected in Kalunga and by calculating the development indicators disaggregated by community. Already the qualitative will be applied in order to oppose the isotopic data with those obtained from the reposts of local people and field observation. (AU)

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Dieta da população brasileira está cada vez mais padronizada 
Diet of Brazilian population is increasingly standardized 
La alimentación de la población brasileña es cada vez más uniforme 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SILVA, RODRIGO DE JESUS; DE PAULA EDUARDO GARAVELLO, MARIA ELISA; NARDOTO, GABRIELA BIELEFELD; MAZZI, EDMAR ANTONIO; MARTINELLI, LUIZ ANTONIO. Urban access and government subsidies impact livelihood and food transition in slave-remnant communities in the Brazilian Cerrado. AGRONOMY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, v. 39, n. 2 APR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SILVA, Rodrigo de Jesus. Impacts of Development on Traditional Communities: Agrofood Transition and Adaptive Adjustments. 2014. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Piracicaba.

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