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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Physical changes within a large tropical hydroelectric reservoir induced by wintertime cold front activity

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Curtarelli, M. P. [1] ; Alcantara, E. H. [1] ; Renno, C. D. [1] ; Stech, J. L. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Natl Inst Space Res, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES; v. 18, n. 8, p. 3079-3093, 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 9

We investigated the influence of wintertime cold front activity on the physical processes within a large tropical reservoir located in Brazil. The period chosen for this study consisted of 49 days between 28 April 2010 and 15 July 2010. This period was defined based on information from the Brazilian Center for Weather Forecasting and Climate Studies (CPTEC), data collected in situ and the interpretation of remotely sensed images. To better understand the governing processes that drive changes in the heat balance, differential cooling and mixing dynamics, a simulation was performed that utilized a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model enforced with in situ and remote sensing data. The results showed that during a cold front passage over the reservoir, the sensible and latent heat fluxes were enhanced by approximately 77 and 16%, respectively. The reservoir's daily averaged heat loss was up to 167% higher on the days with cold front activity than on the days without activity. The cold front passage also intensified the differential cooling process; in some cases the difference between the water temperature of the littoral and pelagic zones reached up to 8 degrees C. The occurrence of cold front passages impacted the diurnal mixed layer (DML), by increasing the turbulent energy input (similar to 54%) and the DML depth (similar to 41%). Our results indicate that the cold front events are one of the main meteorological disturbances driving the physical processes within hydroelectric reservoirs located in tropical South America during the wintertime. Hence, cold front activity over these aquatic systems has several implications for water quality and reservoir management in Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57719-9 - Program on Climate Change - INCT CLIMA
Grantee:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/15075-8 - Numerical Study of Circulation and Thermodynamics of Itumbiara Reservoir Water
Grantee:Enner Herenio de Alcântara
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 07/08103-2 - Study of circulation, water quality and land use in the Itumbiara Reservoir hydrographic basin
Grantee:José Luiz Stech
Support type: Regular Research Grants