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Program on Climate Change - INCT CLIMA

Abstract

This proposal aims to implant and develop of a wide reaching interdisciplinary research network on climate change on the basis of cooperation between 76 research groups from all of the regions of Brazil as well as 16 foreign research groups from Argentina, Chile, USA, Europe, Japan and India, Involving in total over 400 researchers, students and technicians and constituting at the nexus of the largest environmental research networks ever developed in Brazil. Mirroring itself on the structure of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Program is organized along three main scientific axes (scientific base of global climate change impacts-adaptation-vulnerability and mitigation) and also contains technology innovation efforts in the area of climate system modeling, geosensors and natural disaster prevention systems. The objectives of the Climate Change program are: 1) to detect environmental changes in Brazil and South America, especially climate changes and to identify the causes of observed changes (global warming, changes in land-use, urbanization, etc.); 2) develop models of Global Climate System models as well as global and regional environmental change scenarios, especially high spatial resolution scenarios of climate change and land-use for the 21st Century; 3) significantly enhance understanding of the impacts of climate change and identify the main vulnerabilities in Brazil in the following sectors and systems: ecosystems and biodiversity, agriculture, water resources, human health, cities, coastal zones, renewable energy and economy; 4) develop studies and technologies related to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, and, 5) provide high-quality scientific information to assist public policy In the areas of adaptation and mitigation. This scientific theme is organized in 26 research sub-projects. This Program is tightly Iinked to at least two other research networks in the area of climate change. Firstly, it is directly associated with the Brazilian Climate Change Network (Rede CLIMA), of the MCT, and its structure will cover all of the scientific and technical aspects of interest to that Network. In addition, the Program will provide articulation, integration and scientific cohesiveness to Rede CLIMA and, conversely, the Network existent financial mechanisms will provide supplementary financing for the successful implementation of this Program. The Program will also be associated with various state-Ievel research programs focused on climate change, in particular FAPESP Global Climate Change Research Program. The Brazilian Institute of Space Research (INPE)in its capacity as headquarter of the Program already houses the Executive Secretariats of those two other programs and the physical, computational, administrative and management resources already committed by INPE will be shared by the Program, including access to the new supercomputer INPE¬MCT-FAPESP beginning in 2009. The Climate Change program will promote the formation of dozens of master’s and doctoral students along its thematic lines over the 5 year period. It is expected that the generation of new knowledge and human capacity will allow the strengthening of Brazil role in the definition of the environmental agenda in global arenas. Moreover, the generation of ever higher-quality information, such that the social and economical development agendas of the country can be carried out in ways that also are environmentally sustainable. As for the important issue of public policy, the Program, in partnership with Rede CLIMA and with state-level and national climate research programs, intends to serve as the research and development pillar of the National Climate Plan. In summary, the development of the proposed scientific agenda will provide optimal conditions for the development of scientific excellence In Brazil in various areas related to global climate change, Including the implication of climate change for sustainable development, and vice versa. This is especially important considering that the economy of developing nations is strongly dependent on renewable natural resources, as also in the marked case of Brazil. Plans to turn the country in to an environmental power or into a developed tropical country, need to consider environmental impacts and Iimitations. The proposed Program will rapidly create the conditions for a surge in new knowledge and the growth and maturation of the scientific community working on the various dimensions of global climate change. (AU)

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Scientific publications (32)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
AUGUSTO-SILVA, PETALA B.; OGASHAWARA, IGOR; BARBOSA, CLAUDIO C. F.; DE CARVALHO, LINO A. S.; JORGE, DANIEL S. F.; FORNARI, CELSO ISRAEL; STECH, JOSE L.. Analysis of MERIS Reflectance Algorithms for Estimating Chlorophyll-a Concentration in a Brazilian Reservoir. REMOTE SENSING, v. 6, n. 12, p. 11689-11707, . (08/57719-9, 11/19523-8)
CURTARELLI, M. P.; OGASHAWARA, I.; ALCANTARA, E. H.; STECH, J. L.. Coupling remote sensing bio-optical and three-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling to study the phytoplankton dynamics in a tropical hydroelectric reservoir. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, v. 157, n. SI, p. 185-198, . (08/57719-9, 07/08103-2)
ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; FONSECA, MARISA G.; ROSAN, THAIS M.; VEDOVATO, LAURA B.; WAGNER, FABIEN H.; SILVA, CAMILA V. J.; SILVA JUNIOR, CELSO H. L.; ARAI, EGIDIO; AGUIAR, ANA P.; et al. 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 9, . (15/50484-0, 08/57719-9, 11/51841-0, 08/58120-3)
VEIGA, SANDRO F.; NOBRE, PAULO; GIAROLLA, EMANUEL; CAPISTRANO, VINICIUS; BAPTISTA, JR., MANOEL; MARQUEZ, ANDRE L.; FIGUEROA, SILVIO NILO; BONATTI, JOSE PAULO; KUBOTA, PAULO; NOBRE, CARLOS A.. The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean-atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation. Geoscientific Model Development, v. 12, n. 4, p. 1613-1642, . (09/50528-6, 08/57719-9, 18/06204-0)
ALCANTARA, ENNER. Regional-scale algorithm to estimate the particulate organic carbon (POC) in inland waters using Landsat-5/TM images. MODELING EARTH SYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENT, v. 3, n. 2, p. 831-837, . (08/57719-9, 07/08103-2, 15/21586-9)
REBOITA, MICHELLE SIMOES; DA ROCHA, ROSMERI PORFIRIO; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO; GOUVEIA, CAROLINA DANIEL. Trend and teleconnection patterns in the climatology of extratropical cyclones over the Southern Hemisphere. Climate Dynamics, v. 45, n. 7-8, p. 1929-1944, . (08/57719-9, 08/58101-9)
VIANA JACOBSON, LUDMILLA DA SILVA; HACON, SANDRA DE SOUZA; DE CASTRO, HERMANO ALBUQUERQUE; IGNOTTI, ELIANE; ARTAXO, PAULO; NASCIMENTO SALDIVA, PAULO HILARIO; MONTEIRO PONCE DE LEON, ANTONIO CARLOS. Acute Effects of Particulate Matter and Black Carbon from Seasonal Fires on Peak Expiratory Flow of Schoolchildren in the Brazilian Amazon. PLoS One, v. 9, n. 8, . (08/57719-9)
CANDIDO DA SILVA, AGEO MARIO; MOI, GISELE PEDROSO; MATTOS, INES ECHENIQUE; HACON, SANDRA DE SOUZA. Low birth weight at term and the presence of fine particulate matter and carbon monoxide in the Brazilian Amazon: a population-based retrospective cohort study. BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, v. 14, . (08/57719-9)
SHIMIZU, MARILIA HARUMI; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO. MJO influence on ENSO effects in precipitation and temperature over South America. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, v. 124, n. 1-2, p. 291-301, . (08/57719-9, 08/58101-9)
MARENGO, JOSE A.; TORRES, ROGER RODRIGUES; ALVES, LINCOLN MUNIZ. Drought in Northeast Brazil-past, present, and future. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, v. 129, n. 3-4, p. 1189-1200, . (08/57719-9)
NEGRI, ROGERIO GALANTE; DUTRA, LUCIANO VIEIRA; SIQUEIRA SANT'ANNA, SIDNEI JOAO. An innovative support vector machine based method for contextual image classification. ISPRS JOURNAL OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND REMOTE SENSING, v. 87, p. 241-248, . (08/57719-9, 08/58112-0)
MARENGO, JOSE A.; BERNASCONI, MAURO. Regional differences in aridity/drought conditions over Northeast Brazil: present state and future projections. Climatic Change, v. 129, n. 1-2, p. 103-115, . (08/57719-9, 11/51843-2, 08/58161-1, 13/50538-7)
CURTARELLI, MARCELO PEDROSO; RENNO, CAMILO DALELES; ALCANTARA, ENNER HERENIO. Evaluation of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission 3B43 product over an inland area in Brazil and the effects of satellite boost on rainfall estimates. JOURNAL OF APPLIED REMOTE SENSING, v. 8, . (08/57719-9, 07/08103-2, 10/15075-8)
CIRINO, G. G.; SOUZA, R. A. F.; ADAMS, D. K.; ARTAXO, P.. The effect of atmospheric aerosol particles and clouds on net ecosystem exchange in the Amazon. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 14, n. 13, p. 6523-6543, . (08/57719-9, 10/52658-1, 08/58100-2)
DRUMOND, A.; MARENGO, J.; AMBRIZZI, T.; NIETO, R.; MOREIRA, L.; GIMENO, L.. The role of the Amazon Basin moisture in the atmospheric branch of the hydrological cycle: a Lagrangian analysis. HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, v. 18, n. 7, p. 2577-2598, . (08/57719-9, 13/50538-7, 08/58161-1, 08/58101-9)
LISBOA, D. S.; KIKUCHI, R. K. P.; LEAO, ZELINDA M. A. N.. El Nino, Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly and Coral Bleaching in the South Atlantic: A Chain of Events Modeled With a Bayesian Approach. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, v. 123, n. 4, p. 2554-2569, . (08/57719-9)
MARENGO, JOSE A.; CUNHA, ANA PAULA M. A.; NOBRE, CARLOS A.; RIBEIRO NETO, GERMANO G.; MAGALHAES, ANTONIO R.; TORRES, ROGER R.; SAMPAIO, GILVAN; ALEXANDRE, FELIPE; ALVES, LINCOLN M.; CUARTAS, LUZ A.; et al. Assessing drought in the drylands of northeast Brazil under regional warming exceeding 4 degrees C. NATURAL HAZARDS, v. 103, n. 2, p. 2589-2611, . (08/57719-9, 14/50848-9, 15/50122-0)
OBREGON, GUILLERMO O.; MARENGO, JOSE A.; NOBRE, CARLOS A.. Rainfall and climate variability: long-term trends in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo in the 20th century. CLIMATE RESEARCH, v. 61, n. 2, p. 93-107, . (08/57719-9, 11/51843-2, 08/58161-1, 13/50538-7)
CURTARELLI, MARCELO PEDROSO; ALCANTARA, ENNER; RENNO, CAMILO DALELES; ASSIREU, ARCILAN TREVENZOLI; BONNET, MARIE PAULE; STECH, JOSE LUIZ. Modelling the surface circulation and thermal structure of a tropical reservoir using three-dimensional hydrodynamic lake model and remote-sensing data. WATER AND ENVIRONMENT JOURNAL, v. 28, n. 4, p. 516-525, . (08/57719-9, 07/08103-2, 10/15075-8)
ARANTES, TATIANE M.; SARDINHA, ANDRE; BALDAN, MAURICIO R.; CRISTOVAN, FERNANDO H.; FERREIRA, NEIDENEI G.. Lead detection using micro/nanocrystalline boron-doped diamond by square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry. Talanta, v. 128, p. 132-140, . (12/00393-0, 08/57719-9)
CURTARELLI, M. P.; ALCANTARA, E. H.; RENNO, C. D.; STECH, J. L.. Physical changes within a large tropical hydroelectric reservoir induced by wintertime cold front activity. HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, v. 18, n. 8, p. 3079-3093, . (08/57719-9, 07/08103-2, 10/15075-8)
DANIEL SCHUCH; EDSON R. MARCIOTTO; OTÁVIO ACEVEDO; GILBERTO FISCH; ANA CRISTINA AVELAR. Estudo do escoamento turbulento atmosférico utilizando ensaios em túnel de vento e simulação numérica. Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia, v. 29, n. 3, p. 338-350, . (08/57719-9, 10/16510-0)
CURTARELLI, MARCELO; ALCANTARA, ENNER; RENNO, CAMILO; STECH, JOSE. Effects of cold fronts on MODIS-derived sensible and latent heat fluxes in Itumbiara reservoir (Central Brazil). Advances in Space Research, v. 52, n. 9, p. 1668-1677, . (08/57719-9, 07/08103-2, 10/15075-8)
NOBRE, CARLOS A.; SAMPAIO, GILVAN; BORMA, LAURA S.; CASTILLA-RUBIO, JUAN CARLOS; SILVA, JOSE S.; CARDOSO, MANOEL. Land-use and climate change risks in the Amazon and the need of a novel sustainable development paradigm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 113, n. 39, p. 10759-10768, . (09/50528-6, 08/57719-9)
DE ALBUQUERQUE CAVALCANTI, IRACEMA FONSECA; MARENGO, JOSE A.; ALVES, LINCOLN MUNIZ; COSTA, DUARTE FILIPE. On the opposite relation between extreme precipitation over west Amazon and southeastern Brazil: observations and model simulations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 37, n. 9, p. 3606-3618, . (08/57719-9, 11/51843-2, 12/51876-0)
NEVES, GUILHERME; VILELA, WALDEIR; PEREIRA, ENIO; YAMASOE, MARCIA; NOFUENTES, GUSTAVO. Spectral impact on PV in low-latitude sites: The case of southeastern Brazil. RENEWABLE ENERGY, v. 164, p. 1306-1319, . (08/57719-9, 18/16048-6, 08/58104-8)
SILVA, MARIA ELISA SIQUEIRA; SILVA, CARLOS BATISTA; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO; DRUMOND, ANITA; PATUCCI, NATALIA NUNES. South America Climate During the 1970-2001 Pacific Decadal Oscillation Phases Based on Different Reanalysis Datasets. Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, . (08/57719-9, 17/09659-6, 17/09308-9)
MARENGO, J. A.; ESPINOZA, J. C.. Extreme seasonal droughts and floods in Amazonia: causes, trends and impacts. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 3, p. 1033-1050, . (08/57719-9, 11/51843-2, 13/50538-7)
PAMPUCH, LUANA ALBERTANI; DRUMOND, ANITA; GIMENO, LUIS; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO. Anomalous patterns of SST and moisture sources in the South Atlantic Ocean associated with dry events in southeastern Brazil. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 15, p. 4913-4928, . (08/57719-9, 11/08191-4, 12/14316-7, 08/58101-9)
HAARSMA, REINDERT J.; ROBERTS, MALCOLM J.; VIDALE, PIER LUIGI; SENIOR, CATHERINE A.; BELLUCCI, ALESSIO; BAO, QING; CHANG, PING; CORTI, SUSANNA; FUCKAR, NEVEN S.; GUEMAS, VIRGINIE; et al. High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP v1.0) for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, v. 9, n. 11, p. 4185-4208, . (08/57719-9)
CASTELLANOS, P.; CAMPOS, E. J. D.; GIDDY, I.; SANTIS, W.. Inter-comparison studies between high-resolution HYCOM simulation and observational data: The South Atlantic and the Agulhas leakage system. JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS, v. 159, p. 76-88, . (08/57719-9, 11/50552-4, 13/08572-3, 08/58101-9)

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