Xavier, Danilo J.
Manoel-Caetano, Fernanda S.
Foss-Freitas, Maria C.
Foss, Milton C.
Donadi, Eduardo A.
Passos, Geraldo A.
Sakamoto-Hojo, Elza T.
Total Authors: 8
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Genet, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Philosophy Sci & Letters Ribeirao Preto FFCLR, Dept Biol, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Internal Med, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Med, Div Clin Immunol, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Dent Ribeirao Preto, Dept Morphol, Disciplines Genet & Mol Biol, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice;
Web of Science Citations:
Aims: Hyperglycemia leads to increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which reduces cellular antioxidant defenses and induces several DNA lesions. We investigated the effects on DNA damage of a seven-day hospitalization period in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to achieve adequate blood glucose levels through dietary intervention and medication treatment, compared with non-diabetic individuals. Methods: DNA damage levels were evaluated by the alkaline comet assay (with modified and without conventional use of hOGG1 enzyme, which detects oxidized DNA bases) for 10 patients and 16 controls. Real time PCR array method was performed to analyze the transcriptional expression of a set of 84 genes implicated in antioxidant defense and response to oxidative stress in blood samples from T2DM patients (n = 6) collected before and after the hospitalization period. Results: The seven-day period was sufficient to improve glycemic control and to significantly decrease (p < 0.05) DNA damage levels in T2DM patients, although those levels were slightly higher than those in control subjects. We also found a tendency towards a decrease in the levels of oxidative DNA damage in T2DM patients after the hospitalization period. However, for all genes analyzed, a statistically significant difference in the transcriptional expression levels was not observed. Conclusions: The study demonstrated that although the transcriptional expression of the genes studied did not show significant alterations, one-week of glycemic control in hospital resulted in a significant reduction in DNA damage levels detected in T2DM patients, highlighting the importance of an adequate glycemic control. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)