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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cranial Morphological Diversity of Early, Middle, and Late Holocene Brazilian Groups: Implications for Human Dispersion in Brazil

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Hubbe, Mark [1, 2] ; Okumura, Mercedes [3] ; Bernardo, Danilo V. [4, 5] ; Neves, Walter A. [4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Ohio State Univ, Dept Anthropol, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
[2] Univ Catolica Norte, Inst Invest Arqueol & Museo, Antofagasta - Chile
[3] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacl, Dept Antropol, BR-21941 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Lab Estudos Evolut Humanos, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Rio Grande, Inst Ciencias Humanas & Informacao, Area Arqueol & Antropol, Rio Grande - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY; v. 155, n. 4, p. 546-558, DEC 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 11

The history of human occupation in Brazil dates to at least 14 kyr BP, and the country has the largest record of early human remains from the continent. Despite the importance and richness of Brazilian human skeletal collections, the biological relationships between groups and their implications for knowledge about human dispersion in the country have not been properly explored. Here, we present a comprehensive assessment of the morphological affinities of human groups from East-Central, Coastal, Northeast, and South Brazil from distinct periods and test for the best dispersion scenarios to explain the observed diversity across time. Our results, based on multivariate assessments of shape and goodness of fit tests of dispersion and adaptation models, favor the idea that Brazil experienced at least two large dispersion waves. The first dispersive event brought the morphological pattern that characterize Late Pleistocene groups continent-wide and that persisted among East-Central Brazil groups until recently. Within the area covered by our samples, the second wave was probably restricted to the coast and is associated with a distinct morphological pattern. Inland and coastal populations apparently did not interact significantly during the Holocene, as there is no clear signal of admixture between groups sharing the two morphological patterns. However, these results cannot be extended to the interior part of the country (Amazonia and Central Brazil), given the lack of skeletal samples in these regions. Am J Phys Anthropol 155:546-558, 2014. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 04/01321-6 - Origins and microevolution of man in the Americas: a paleoanthropological approach (III)
Grantee:Walter Alves Neves
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/06453-9 - Statistical methods applied to the characterization of Palaeoindian lithic industries from Southern Brazil
Grantee:Maria Mercedes Martinez Okumura
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/58729-8 - Human cranial diversity and its evolutionary implications
Grantee:Danilo Vicensotto Bernardo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate