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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Electro-oxidation of ethanol on ternary Pt-Sn-Ce/C catalysts

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Author(s):
Jacob, Juliana M. [1] ; Corradini, Patricia G. [1] ; Antolini, Ermete [2] ; Santos, Nathalia Abe [1] ; Perez, Joelma [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Scuola Sci Mat, I-16016 Genoa - Italy
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL; v. 165, p. 176-184, APR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 23
Abstract

Ternary Pt-Sn-Ce/C catalysts were prepared by a modified formic acid method, and their activity for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) was compared to that of Pt-Sn/C, Pt-Ce/C and Pt/C catalysts. No bulk alloy formation was detected by XRD analysis. XPS measurements indicated no segregation on the catalyst surface and the presence of Sn(0) and SnOx, Ce2O3 and CeO2 oxides. The onset potential for CH3CH2OH oxidation on Pt-Sn/C and Pt-Sn-Ce/C (60:20:20) catalysts, which have the highest Sn content on the surface, was lower than that of Pt-Sn-Ce/C (70:20:10) and (50:20:30), Pt-Ce/C and Pt/C catalysts. This work highlights the dependence on the potential of the effect of cerium in Pt-Sn-Ce/C catalysts on the EOR activity and on the reaction mechanism. By derivative voltammograms, different reaction pathways at different potentials, involving Sn (at ca. 0.44V vs. RHE), Sn + Ce (at ca. 0.55V vs. RHE) and Ce (at ca. 0.67V vs. RHE) were inferred. The Pt-Sn-Ce/C catalysts were less tolerant to poisoning by ethanol oxidation intermediate species than Pt/C and Pt-Sn/C, but more stable than Pt-Ce/C catalysts. DEFC tests at 90 degrees C indicated that a higher Sn surface content is more effective for ethanol oxidation than the addition of Ce to Pt-Sn/C. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/12189-8 - Investigation of platinum-rare earth nanocatalysts supported in carbon for direct ethanol fuel cells
Grantee:Patricia Gon Corradini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/50727-9 - Development of systems for hydrogen production and for the generation and utilization of electrochemical energy
Grantee:Ernesto Rafael Gonzalez
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants