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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of depression on cardiometabolic responses to a lifestyle intervention in at-risk individuals

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Author(s):
Cezaretto, Adriana [1] ; Pakseresht, Mohammadreza [2] ; Sharma, Sangita [2] ; Kolandooz, Fariba [2] ; Siqueira-Catania, Antonela [1] ; de Barros, Camila Risso [1] ; Gouvea Ferreira, Sandra Roberta [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Nutr, Sch Publ Hlth, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Alberta, Dept Med, Edmonton, AB - Canada
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders; v. 174, p. 516-521, MAR 15 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Background: Cardiometabolic diseases and depression are public health problems that are often related. The benefits of behavioral interventions on lifestyle are well documented. However, the influence of depression in these interventions is unclear. Objective: To evaluate whether depression affects the impact of a lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic response in an at-risk sample. Methods: 129 individuals identified by the public health system to be at risk for cardiometabolic disease were allocated to 18-month interventions on diet and physical activity. Socio-demographic and clinical data were obtained. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory. Changes by at least 10% in each of 6 cardiometabolic risk factors were used to define responses to intervention. Logistic regression models were employed for each gender. Results: Approximately 42% of individuals had depressive symptoms. They had higher adiposity, cholesterol, and blood pressure levels and lower quality of life and physical activity levels than non-depressed individuals. In adjusted models, only women with depression at baseline had lower chance of improving plasma glucose (OR: 0.32) and lower chance of improving mean blood pressure (OR: 0.29) after the follow-up, compared with non-depressed women. Limitations: The small sample size may have diminished the power of the results and the instrument used to measure depression does not provide clinical diagnosis according to DSM criteria. Conclusion: Depression at baseline of lifestyle interventions predicted a lower chance of improving long-term cardiometabolic risk, particularly in women, suggesting that screening and management of depression as part of lifestyle interventions can potentially improve cardiometabolic risk profile. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved, (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/03430-6 - Exchange experiences with Canada on lifestyle intervention programs for prevention of chronic diseases: considering Brazilian's behavioural and psychosocial factors
Grantee:Adriana Cezaretto
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/06376-7 - Analysis of the association between depression and cardiometabolic diseases via inflammatory markers in an intervention for type 2 diabetes prevention
Grantee:Adriana Cezaretto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate