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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

kappa-Opioid receptors in the infralimbic cortex modulate the cardiovascular responses to acute stress

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Fassini, Aline [1] ; Scopinho, America A. [1] ; Resstel, Leonardo B. M. [1] ; Correa, Fernando M. A. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-39001404 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Experimental Physiology; v. 100, n. 4, p. 377-387, APR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 4

New Findings<list id={''}eph1604-list-0001{''} list-type={''}bulleted{''}> What is the central question of this study? A brief experience of stress can cause structural remodelling in the infralimbic cortex. In the present study, we addressed the potential role played by opioidergic neurotransmission in the infralimbic cortex in the modulation of stress-evoked autonomic responses. What is the main finding and its importance? Using the restraint stress model, we showed that infralimbic cortex -opioid receptors, but not - and -opioid receptors, modulate stress-evoked cardiovascular responses. The infralimbic cortex (IL) is known to modulate behavioural and physiological responses during aversive situations. We investigated the hypothesis that opioid neurotransmission in the IL modulates the autonomic responses induced in rats subjected to restraint stress (RS). Male Wistar rats (250-280g) were used. Guide cannulae were implanted bilaterally in the IL for the microinjection of either drugs or vehicle, and a polyethylene catheter was implanted into the femoral artery for recording of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) using a computerized acquisition system. Tail temperature was evaluated using a thermal camera. Rats were subjected to RS 10min after the microinjection of drugs or vehicle into the IL. Exposure to RS evoked hypertension, tachycardia and a reduction in tail temperature. Bilateral microinjections of the non-selective opioid antagonist naloxone into the IL generated an inverted U-shaped dose-inhibition curve on RS-evoked MAP and HR responses. Microinjection of nor-BNI (-selective antagonist) reduced the increases in MAP and HR evoked by RS. In contrast, pretreatment of the IL with CTAP (-selective antagonist) or naltrindole (-selective antagonist) had no effect on the restraint-evoked increases in MAP and HR. None of these treatments altered the reduction in the tail temperature evoked by RS. In conclusion, -opioid receptors in the IL modulate pressor and tachycardiac responses caused by RS, suggesting a facilitatory role of this structure in this aversive situation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/17626-7 - Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the role of atypical neurotransmitters in neuropsychiatric disorders
Grantee:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/09300-4 - Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis noradrenergic system modulates contextual fear conditionig: possible interaction with CRF and glutamatergic and nitrergic neurotransmission
Grantee:Leonardo Resstel Barbosa Moraes
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/00249-9 - Involvement of opioid neurotransmission of the medial amygadala in the mediation of autonomic and hormonal responses evoked by restraint stress in rats
Grantee:Aline Fassini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate