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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Identifying the mechanisms of pulse formation and evolution in actively mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers with meters and kilometers-long

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Saito, L. A. M. [1] ; Thoroh de Souza, E. A. [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, MackGraphe Graphene & Nanomat Res Ctr, BR-01302907 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY; v. 71, p. 16-21, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 4

We investigated the dynamics of pulse evolution in Erbium-doped fiber ring lasers with cavity lengths varying from 16.4 m to 100.8 km actively mode-locked at repetition rate of 1 GHz. The novelty of this work is to explore the limits of Kuizenga-Siegman theory in ultralong fiber laser and to demonstrate the dynamics of pulse generation and propagation separately. When we vary the length of the Erbium-doped fiber lasers from meters to kilometers long, three operation regimes were identified: mode-locking regime (for cavity lengths with 16.4 m to 1 km), nonlinearity-dominant regime (1 to 10 km) and dispersion and nonlinearity regime that locked the ratio between soliton period and cavity length: Z(S)/L-cav = 1.35 for cavities with 10 to 100 km in a soliton intracavity condition. The variation of pulse widths and the peak powers are analyzed to define the propagation regimes inside the cavities, depending on the cavity length (L-cav), dispersion length (L-D) and nonlinear length (L-NL). When L-cav is shorter than L-D and L-NL, there is neither dispersive nor nonlinear effect during pulse evolution (pulse has duration of approximately 30 ps). In this regime, its final duration is determined by the standard theory of active mode-locking. For L-cav shorter than L-D but similar to L-NL, the pulse evolution is in nonlinearity-dominant regime where soliton propagation provides a sech(2) profile with a TBP transform limited of 0.315. In addition, for cavities longer than 10 km, L-cav similar to L-D and longer (or much longer) than L-NL, the pulse evolution is in the dispersion and nonlinearity dominant regime with its duration depending on the accumulated dispersion. In this regime the soliton effect takes place and the final pulse duration is defined by the cavity length which is approximately the soliton period. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/50259-8 - Graphene: photonics and opto-electronics: UPM-NUS collaboration
Grantee:Antônio Hélio de Castro Neto
Support type: Research Projects - SPEC Program