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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Soil-Borne Microbiome: Linking Diversity to Function

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Author(s):
Mendes, Lucas W. [1, 2] ; Tsai, Siu M. [2] ; Navarrete, Acacio A. [2, 1] ; de Hollander, Mattias [1] ; van Veen, Johannes A. [1, 3] ; Kuramae, Eiko E. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Netherlands Inst Ecol NIOO KNAW, Dept Microbial Ecol, NL-6708 PB Wageningen - Netherlands
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Cell & Mol Biol Lab, CENA, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Leiden Univ, Inst Biol, Leiden - Netherlands
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY; v. 70, n. 1, p. 255-265, JUL 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 69
Abstract

Soil microorganisms are sensitive to environment disturbances, and such alterations have consequences on microbial diversity and functions. Our hypothesis is that alpha diversity of microbial communities and functional diversity decrease from undisturbed to disturbed soils, with consequences for functional redundancy in the soil ecosystem. To test this hypothesis, we used soil DNA shotgun metagenomics approach to assess the soil microbiome in a chronosequence of land-use from a native tropical forest, followed by deforestation and cultivation of soybean croplands and pasture in different seasons. Agriculture and pasture soils were among the most diverse and presented higher functional redundancy, which is important to maintain the ecosystem functioning after the forest conversion. On the other hand, the ecosystem equilibrium in forest is maintained based on a lower alpha diversity but higher abundance of microorganisms. Our results indicate that land-use change alters the structure and composition of microbial communities; however, ecosystem functionality is overcome by different strategies based on the abundance and diversity of the communities. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58114-3 - Monitoring the microbial diversity and functional activities in response to land-use changes and deforestation under soybean and sugarcane cultivations
Grantee:Tsai Siu Mui
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/51749-6 - Functional bioindicators for soil quality monitoring for sustainable management of sugarcane biomass production (BIOSQ)
Grantee:Tsai Siu Mui
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/20353-7 - Analysis of microbial communities in soils under different land uses on the frontier of agricultural expansion in Southwestern Amazonia
Grantee:Lucas William Mendes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate