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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fluorescence lifetime of normal, benign, and malignant thyroid tissues

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Brandao, Mariana [1] ; Iwakura, Ricardo [2] ; Basilio, Fagne [2] ; Haleplian, Kaique [1] ; Ito, Amando [1] ; Conti de Freitas, Luiz Carlos [2] ; Bachmann, Luciano [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Fis, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Oftalmo Otorrino & Cirurgia Cabeca & Pescoco, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Biomedical Optics; v. 20, n. 6 JUN 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Fine-needle aspiration cytology is the standard technique to diagnose thyroid pathologies. However, this method results in a high percentage of inconclusive and false negatives. The use of time-resolved fluorescence techniques to detect biochemical composition and tissue structure alterations could help to develop a portable, minimally invasive, and nondestructive method to assist during surgical procedures. This study aimed to use fluorescence lifetimes to differentiate healthy and benign tissues from malignant thyroid tissue. The thyroid tissue was excited at 298-300 nm and the fluorescence decay registered at 340 and 450 nm. We observed fluorescence lifetimes at 340 nm emission of 0.80 +/- 0.26 and 3.94 +/- 0.47 ns for healthy tissue; 0.90 +/- 0.24 and 4.05 +/- 0.46 ns for benign lesions; and 1.21 +/- 0.14 and 4.63 +/- 0.25 ns for malignant lesions. For 450 nm emissions, we obtain lifetimes of 0.25 +/- 0.18 and 3.99 +/- 0.39 ns for healthy tissue, 0.24 +/- 0.17 and 4.20 +/- 0.48 ns for benign lesions, 0.33 +/- 0.32 and 4.55 +/- 0.55 ns for malignant lesions. Employing analysis of variance, we differentiate malignant lesions from benign and healthy tissues. In addition, we use quadratic discriminant analysis to distinguish malignant from benign and healthy tissues with an accuracy of 76.1%, sensitivity of 74.7%, and specificity of 83.3%. These results indicate that time-resolved fluorescence can assist medical evaluation of thyroid pathologies during surgeries. (C) 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/07960-4 - Optical radiometry of lasers, LEDs and ultraviolet lamps
Grantee:Luciano Bachmann
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/02460-6 - Vibrational spectroscopy applied to biological tissues: cancer diagnosis and chemical characterization of laser irradiated dental tissues
Grantee:Luciano Bachmann
Support type: Regular Research Grants