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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Family 1 carbohydrate binding-modules enhance saccharification rates

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Author(s):
Mello, Bruno Luan [1] ; Polikarpov, Igor [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Mol Biotechnol Grp, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMB EXPRESS; v. 4, APR 25 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 17
Abstract

Cellulose degrading enzymes usually have a two-domain structure consisting of a catalytic domain and a non-catalytic carbohydrate-binding module. Although it is well known the importance of those modules in cell wall degrading process, their function is not yet fully understood. Here, we analyze the cellulose-hydrolysis activity enhancement promoted by the cellobiohydrolase I carbohydrate-binding module from Trichoderma harzianum. It was cloned, expressed, purified and used in combination with either a commercial cellulase preparation, T. reesei cellobiohydrolase I or its separate catalytic domain to hydrolyze filter paper. In all cases the amount of glucose released was increased, reaching up to 30% gain when the carbohydrate-binding module was added to the reaction. We also show that this effect seems to be mediated by a decrease in the recalcitrance of the cellulosic substrate. This effect was observed both for crystalline cellulose samples which underwent incubation with the CBM prior to application of cellulases and for the ones incubated simultaneously. Our studies demonstrate that family 1 carbohydrate-binding modules are able to potentiate the enzymatic degradation of the polysaccharides and their application might contribute to diminishing the currently prohibitive costs of the lignocellulose saccharification process. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/56255-9 - Structure and function of enzymes and auxiliary proteins from Trichoderma, active in cell-wall hydrolysis
Grantee:Igor Polikarpov
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/52362-5 - Targeted analysis of microbial lignocellulolytic secretomes: a new approach to enzyme discovery
Grantee:Igor Polikarpov
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/05349-6 - Expression and purification of cellobiohydrolase I from the filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum
Grantee:Bruno Luan Soares Paula de Mello
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation