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Strategies for microalgae biomass saccharification targeting bioethanol 3G production

Grant number: 18/20787-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2019
Effective date (End): February 28, 2021
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Food Science and Technology - Food Engineering
Principal Investigator:Rosana Goldbeck
Grantee:Maria Augusta de Carvalho Silvello
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos (FEA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/20630-4 - Biorefinery development integrated to a bioethanol sugar cane plant with zero CO2 emission: routes to convert renewable resources to bio-products and bio-electricity, AP.TEM

Abstract

The development of renewable energy sources has been boosted due to the necessity of fossil fuels replacement with lower environmental impacts sustainable alternatives. Bioethanol meets these demands and the use of alternative raw materials has motivated research in the field, among which the microalgae stand out. Microalgae are eukaryotic microorganisms considered to be the third-generation (3G) of feedstocks for biofuels production due to its higher rate of growth and CO2 fixation in relation to other raw materials generations and high theoretical productivities of lipids and carbohydrates. Microalgae can have its biochemical composition manipulated for carbohydrates accumulation owing to the flexibility of its metabolism. Thus, the de-structuring of the microalgal biomass can be accomplished by different approaches (physical, physicochemical or enzymatic hydrolysis) aiming fermentable sugars for the subsequent stage of ethanol fermentation. Within this context, the goal of the present work is to study the carbohydrate profile present in the biomass of the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Desmodesmus brasiliensis aiming the production of bioethanol 3G as part of the thematic project (FAPESP-2015/20630-4). In addition to the manipulation of growing conditions, in order to increase carbohydrate concentration, physical, physico-chemical and enzymatic methods will be used as strategies for the release of sugars. Finally, the construction of a thermotolerant industrial yeast expressing cellulases and amylases is proposed for the consolidation of the microalgal biomass conversion bioprocess to ethanol. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BARBOSA, FERNANDO CESAR; SILVELLO, MARIA AUGUSTA; GOLDBECK, ROSANA. Cellulase and oxidative enzymes: new approaches, challenges and perspectives on cellulose degradation for bioethanol production. Biotechnology Letters, v. 42, n. 6 APR 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.