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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Imaging three-dimensional crustal conductivity structures reflecting continental flood basalt effects hidden beneath thick intracratonic sedimentary basin

Full text
Author(s):
Padilha, Antonio L. [1] ; Vitorello, Icaro [1] ; Antunes, Cassio E. [1] ; Padua, Marcelo B. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, BR-12201 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH; v. 120, n. 7, p. 4702-4719, JUL 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

A large-scale array of long-period magnetic data and a deep-probing magnetotelluric profile were recorded in the intracratonic Parana sedimentary basin in central eastern South America, which presents a thick and extensive sedimentary-magmatic sequence that allows its basement to be investigated only by indirect methods. Integration of the results from both methods showed that the crust beneath the basin presents several quasi-linear highly conductive channeled zones with limited lateral extent, in coincidence with some of the main tectonic structures recognized at the surface, and a moderate but pervasive lithosphere conductivity enhancement beneath its central part. Upward movement of CO2-bearing volatiles and magmas precipitating highly conducting mineral phases along discrete subvertical fault zones that served as feeder conduits for Early Cretaceous voluminous continental flood basalts was a likely process responsible for the localized conductivity enhancements. Correlation between some of the linear conductive zones and elongated magnetic anomalies and between the maximum depth occurrence of most of these conductive anomalies and the Curie depth at which crustal rocks lose their magnetism gives strong support to interconnected iron oxides (especially magnetite) and iron sulfides (such as pyrrhotite) as the main conductive sources. The moderate bulk conductivity increase in the crust and upper mantle beneath the central part of the basin is unexpected for a postulated cratonic basement and is tentatively associated with impregnation of the lithosphere by conducting minerals related either to widespread tectonic events in the Ordovician or Late Precambrian or to dispersed magmatic residues of an Early Cretaceous magma differentiation contaminating the entire lithosphere. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/50493-8 - Crustal and lithospheric mantle models under the Paraná and Chaco-Paraná basins by merging satellite gravity gradiometry, terrestrial gravimetry and geomagnetic and electromagnetic soundings
Grantee:Icaro Vitorello
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/13054-6 - Terrestrial electromagnetic induction under the Paraná Basin
Grantee:Cassio Espindola Antunes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master