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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Validation of mechanical, electrical and thermal nociceptive stimulation methods in horses

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Luna, S. P. L. [1] ; Lopes, C. [2] ; Rosa, A. C. [2] ; Oliveira, F. A. [2] ; Crosignani, N. [2] ; Taylor, P. M. [3] ; Pantoja, J. C. [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Vet Surg & Anesthesiol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Med, Dept Anesthesiol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Taylor Monroe, Ely, Cambs - England
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Vet Hyg & Publ Hlth, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL; v. 47, n. 5, p. 609-614, SEP 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Reasons for performing studyTo validate a model for investigating the effects of analgesic drugs on mechanical, thermal and electrical stimulation testing. ObjectivesTo investigate repeatability, sensitivity and specificity of nociceptive tests. Study designRandomised experiment with 2 observers in 2 phases. MethodsMechanical (M), thermal (TL) and electrical (E) stimuli were applied to the dorsal metacarpus (M-left and TL-right) and coronary band of the left thoracic limb (E) and a thoracic thermal stimulus (TT) was applied caudal to the withers in 8 horses (405 43kg). Stimuli intensities were increased until a clear avoidance response was detected without exceeding 20N (M), 60 degrees C (TL and TT) and 15V (E). For each set of tests, 3 real stimuli and one sham stimulus were applied (32 per animal) using a blinded, randomised, crossover design repeated after 6 months. A distribution frequency and, for each stimulus, Chi-square and McNemar tests compared both the proportion of positive responses detected by 2 observers and the 2 study phases. The coefficients estimated interobserver agreement in determining endpoints. Sensitivity (384 tests) and specificity (128 tests) were evaluated for each nociceptive stimulus to assess the evaluators' accuracy in detecting real and sham stimuli. ResultsNociceptive thresholds were 3.1 +/- 2N (M), 8.1 +/- 3.8V (E), 51.4 +/- 5.5 degrees C (TL) and 55.2 +/- 5.3 degrees C (TT). The level of agreement after all tests, M, E, TL and TT, was 90, 100, 84, 98 and 75%, respectively. Sensitivity was 89, 100, 89, 98 and 70% and specificity 92, 97, 88, 91 and 94%, respectively. ConclusionsThe high interobserver agreement, sensitivity and specificity suggest that M, E and TL tests are valid for pain studies in horses and are suitable tools for investigating antinociceptive effects of analgesics in horses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/08967-0 - Evaluation of clinical and experimental pain in animals
Grantee:Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/21927-0 - Validation of electrical, mechanical and thermal nociceptive methods for pain assessment in horses treated with methadone associated with detomidine or acepromazine
Grantee:Carlize Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate