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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular and neuroendocrine mechanisms of cancer cachexia

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Author(s):
Mendes, Maria Carolina S. [1] ; Pimentel, Gustavo D. [1] ; Costa, Felipe O. [1] ; Carvalheira, Jose B. C. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Internal Med, Fac Med Sci, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: Journal of Endocrinology; v. 226, n. 3, p. R29-R43, SEP 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 21
Abstract

Cancer and its morbidities, such as cancer cachexia, constitute a major public health problem. Although cancer cachexia has afflicted humanity for centuries, its underlying multifactorial and complex physiopathology has hindered the understanding of its mechanism. During the last few decades we have witnessed a dramatic increase in the understanding of cancer cachexia pathophysiology. Anorexia and muscle and adipose tissue wasting are the main features of cancer cachexia. These apparently independent symptoms have humoral factors secreted by the tumor as a common cause. Importantly, the hypothalamus has emerged as an organ that senses the peripheral signals emanating from the tumoral environment, and not only elicits anorexia but also contributes to the development of muscle and adipose tissue loss. Herein, we review the roles of factors secreted by the tumor and its effects on the hypothalamus, muscle and adipose tissue, as well as highlighting the key targets that are being exploited for cancer cachexia treatment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07607-8 - OCRC - Obesity and Comorbidities Research Center
Grantee:Licio Augusto Velloso
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 14/22347-5 - Role of omega 3 fatty acids in colon tumor
Grantee:Gustavo Duarte Pimentel
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate