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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of diisocyanates and chain extenders on the physicochemical properties and morphology of multicomponent segmented polyurethanes based on poly(l-lactide), poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(trimethylene carbonate)

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Author(s):
Trinca, Rafael Bergamo [1] ; Felisberti, Maria Isabel [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Polymer International; v. 64, n. 10, p. 1326-1335, OCT 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Multicomponent segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) based on poly(ethylene glycol), poly(l-lactide) and poly(trimethylene carbonate) as macrodiols, 2,4-toluene diisocyanate (2,4-TDI) or 1,6-hexane diisocyanate (HDI) as diisocyanate, and 1,4-butanediol (BDO) or 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid (DMPA) as chain extenders were synthesized. The molecular, thermal, dynamic mechanical and morphological features of this set of uncrosslinked polyurethanes are characterized using H-1 NMR, gel permeation chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) and atomic force microscopy techniques. The lower reaction rate of HDI in comparison with 2,4-TDI allows for better control of the SPU compositions, so that the intrinsic properties of each block can be better combined and modulated. HDI-based SPUs are semi-crystalline, while those based on 2,4-TDI are amorphous, affecting the mechanical properties of these polyurethanes. All SPUs are heterogeneous, presenting morphologies of a disperse phase in a matrix which varies with the macrodiol ratios as well as with the nature of the diisocyanate and chain extender (a finer dispersion of the disperse phase is observed for SPUs of HDI and BDO). DMTA results indicate that the phases are complex mixtures of the different blocks with at least one rich in PLLA. The PEG content is shown to be the most important factor influencing the water sorption capability, while the incorporation of hindering carboxylic acid groups by the use of DMPA allows the water uptake of SPUs to be controlled by the solution pH. All SPUs show a significant loss of molar mass in hydrolytic degradation experiments and, in general, the PLLA-rich SPUs are more susceptible to degradation. (c) 2015 Society of Chemical Industry (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/09479-1 - Multicomponent segmented polyurethanes
Grantee:Rafael Bergamo Trinca
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/17804-7 - Polymeric composites
Grantee:Maria Isabel Felisberti
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/02098-0 - Multicomponent polymeric materials
Grantee:Maria Isabel Felisberti
Support type: Regular Research Grants