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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

EFFECTS OF SELECT AND REJECT CONTROL ON EQUIVALENCE CLASS FORMATION AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTION

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Author(s):
Perez, William F. [1, 2, 3] ; Tomanari, Gerson Y. [1, 2] ; Vaidya, Manish [4]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Comportamento, Cognicao & Ensino, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Ctr Ciencias Comportamento, Paradigma, BR-05011001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ N Texas, Denton, TX 76203 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 104, n. 2, p. 146-166, SEP 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

The present study used a single-subject design to evaluate the effects of select or reject control on equivalence class formation and transfer of function. Adults were exposed to a matching-to-sample task with observing requirements (MTS-OR) in order to bias the establishment of sample/S+ (select) or sample/S- (reject) relations. In Experiment 1, four sets of baseline conditional relations were taught two under reject control (A1B2C1, A2B1C2) and two under select control (D1E1F1, D2E2F2). Participants were tested for transitivity, symmetry, equivalence and reflexivity. They also learned a simple discrimination involving one of the stimuli from the equivalence classes and were tested for the transfer of the discriminative function. In general, participants performed with high accuracy on all equivalencerelated probes as well as the transfer of function probes under select control. Under reject control, participants had high scores only on the symmetry test; transfer of function was attributed to stimuli programmed as S-. In Experiment 2, the equivalence class under reject control was expanded to four members (A1B2C1D2; A2B1C2D1). Participants had high scores only on symmetry and on transitivity and equivalence tests involving two nodes. Transfer of function was extended to the programmed S- added to each class. Results from both experiments suggest that select and reject controls might differently affect the formation of equivalence classes and the transfer of stimulus functions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants