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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Energy requirements for growth in male and female Saanen goats

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Almeida, A. K. [1] ; Resende, K. T. [1] ; St-Pierre, N. [2] ; Silva, S. P. [1] ; Soares, D. C. [1] ; Fernandes, M. H. M. R. [1] ; Souza, A. P. [1] ; Silva, N. C. D. [1] ; Lima, A. R. C. [1] ; Teixeira, I. A. M. A. [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Anim Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal - Brazil
[2] Ohio State Univ, Dept Anim Sci, Columbus, OH 43201 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE; v. 93, n. 8, p. 3932-3940, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 8

The aim of this study was to investigate the energy requirements of female and intact and castrated male Saanen goats. Animals were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 experiments designed to investigate the energy requirements for maintenance and gain. To determine the maintenance requirements, 85 goats were used (26 intact males, 30 castrated males, and 29 females) with an initial BW of 30.3 +/- 0.87 kg. Thirty goats (8 intact males, 9 castrated males, and 13 females) were slaughtered to be used as the baseline group. The remaining goats were assigned in a split-plot design using a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement (3 sexes-intact males, castrated males, and females-and 3 DMI levels-ad libitum and restricted fed to 75 or 50% of the ad libitum intake). The NEg was obtained using 65 goats (20 intact males, 22 castrated males, and 23 females) fed ad libitum in a completely randomized design. Eight intact males, 9 castrated males, and 13 females were slaughtered at 30.5 +/- 1.53 kg BW. Seventeen goats (6 intact males, 6 castrated males, and 5 females) were slaughtered at 38.1 +/- 0.49 kg BW. The remaining goats were slaughtered at 44.0 +/- 0.50 kg BW. The NEm did not differ between the sexes (P = 0.59; 258.5 kJ/kg(0.75) BW), resulting in a ME for maintenance of 412.4 kJ/kg(0.75) BW. The estimated energy use efficiency for maintenance was 0.627. During the growth phase, NEg differed between the sexes (P < 0.001); intact males, castrated males, and females showed an average NEg equal to 15.2, 18.6, and 22.7 MJ/kg of empty weight gain, respectively. The energy requirements for growth differed between the sexes. The difference was found to be due to distinct NEg and partial efficiency of ME utilization for growth in intact and castrated males and females during the late growth phase. This study may contribute to adjustments in feeding system energy recommendations regarding the NEm and NEg found for goats during the late growth phase. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58351-5 - Metabolism, nutritional, requirements and carcass traits of growing goats
Grantee:Kléber Tomás de Resende
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/02482-4 - Requirements of energy and protein for goats from 30 to 45 kg bodyweight
Grantee:Amélia Katiane de Almeida
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate