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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella Gallinarum and Salmonella Pullorum isolated from ill poultry in Brazil

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Casarin Penha Filho, Rafael Antonio [1, 2] ; Ferreira, Joseane Cristina [3] ; Iba Kanashiro, Ana Maria [4] ; da Costa Darini, Ana Lucia [3] ; Berchieri Junior, Angelo [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet Jaboticabal, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Cornell Univ, Coll Vet Med, Ithaca, NY 14853 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Inst Biol Descalvado, Descalvado, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Ciência Rural; v. 46, n. 3, p. 513-518, MAY 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 7

Salmonella Gallinarum (S. Gallinarum) and Salmonella Pullorum (S. Pullorum) are poultry host-specific, agents of fowl typhoid and pullorum disease, respectively. These biovars cause septicemic infections, resulting in high mortality. Outbreaks are frequently reported worldwide, causing losses due to the elimination of infected flocks and treatments. The use of antimicrobial agents is frequent in poultry farms to prevent or treat gastrointestinal infections. In the present research it was evaluated the antimicrobial susceptibility of 50 S. Gallinarum and S. Pullorum isolates, from outbreaks that occurred between 1987 to 1991 and 2006 to 2013. The comparison of the susceptibility profiles showed that all isolates were susceptible to beta-lactams. All isolates from 1987-1991 were susceptible to all antibiotics tested except NAL and CIP (78%). The susceptibility profile of S. Gallinarum (2006 - 2013 period) was the following NAL (58%), CIP (63%), ENR (67%), TET (92%), FFC (96%) and SXT (96%). S. Pullorum isolates (2006 - 2013 period) showed the following susceptibility rates to NAL (65%), CIP (71%), ENR (94%) and TET (94%). All isolates were susceptible to beta-lactams tested, however, resistance to quinolones and fluoroquinolones increased over time. Furthermore, low levels of resistance to other antibiotics were found in recent isolates, such as tetracyclines. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/26122-5 - Identification of homologous protein antigen in Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovars Typhimurium, Enteritidis, Heidelberg and Schwarzengrund for production of recombinant protein and evaluation as a vaccine candidate in chickens
Grantee:Rafael Antonio Casarin Penha Filho
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor