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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Overexpression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) induces a hypoxic response in Nicotiana tabacum leaves

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Barreto, Pedro [1] ; Okura, Vagner [1] ; Pena, Izabella A. [1] ; Maia, Renato [1] ; Maia, Ivan G. [2] ; Arruda, Paulo [1, 3]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Ctr Biol Mol & Engn Genet, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Genet & Evolucao, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Experimental Botany; v. 67, n. 1, p. 301-313, JAN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) decreases reactive oxygen species production under stress conditions by uncoupling the electrochemical gradient from ATP synthesis. This study combined transcriptome profiling with experimentally induced hypoxia to mechanistically dissect the impact of Arabidopsis thaliana UCP1 (AtUCP1) overexpression in tobacco. Transcriptomic analysis of AtUCP1-overexpressing (P07) and wild-type (WT) plants was carried out using RNA sequencing. Metabolite and carbohydrate profiling of hypoxia-treated plants was performed using H-1-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. The transcriptome of P07 plants revealed a broad induction of stress-responsive genes that were not strictly related to the mitochondrial antioxidant machinery, suggesting that overexpression of AtUCP1 imposes a strong stress response within the cell. In addition, transcripts that mapped into carbon fixation and energy expenditure pathways were broadly altered. It was found that metabolite markers of hypoxic adaptation, such as alanine and tricarboxylic acid intermediates, accumulated in P07 plants under control conditions at similar rates to WT plants under hypoxia. These findings indicate that constitutive overexpression of AtUCP1 induces a hypoxic response. The metabolites that accumulated in P07 plants are believed to be important in signalling for an improvement in carbon assimilation and induction of a hypoxic response. Under these conditions, mitochondrial ATP production is less necessary and fermentative glycolysis becomes critical to meet cell energy demands. In this scenario, the more flexible energy metabolism along with an intrinsically activated hypoxic response make these plants better adapted to face several biotic and abiotic stresses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/17634-5 - Mitochondria as a key element on stress response in plants
Grantee:Pedro Paulo Augusto Fabiano Arantes Pereira Barreto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/00235-5 - Mechanisms of saccharopine pathway induction in human cells
Grantee:Izabella Agostinho Pena
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 14/24183-0 - Impact of the overexpression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) on photosynthetic metabolism
Grantee:Renato Maia Souza Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation