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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Can a one-sampling campaign produce robust results for water quality monitoring? A case of study in Itupararanga reservoir, SP, Brazil

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Author(s):
Frederico Guilherme de Souza Beghelli ; Marcelo Luiz Martins Pompêo ; Mônica Páscoli ; Vivian Silva Lira ; Renata de Lima ; Viviane Moschini-Carlos
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Acta Limnol. Bras.; v. 28, 2016.
Abstract

Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to conduct a rapid and comprehensive analysis of the reservoir using physical, chemical and biological variables comprising water and sediment as also to verify if a one-sampling campaign can produce information that is robust enough for monitoring purposes. Methods One-sampling campaign was performed along the central body of Itupararanga reservoir comprising five sampling points. The following physico-chemical and biological variables were measured in each of them from water samples: temperature, pH, concentration of dissolved oxygen, electric conductivity, suspended matter, total nitrogen and phosphorus and fecal coliforms. A genotoxicity assay with Allium cepa was also performed with water from each one of the five sampling points. As a complement, the phytoplankton and benthic macroinvertebrates communities were also analyzed in the two most distant sampling points (P1 and P5). Results Results indicate a scenario with eutrophication and toxicity. High concentrations of fecal coliforms were recorded and there is a worrying prevalence of cyanobacteria - potential toxin producers - in phytoplankton community. Benthic macroinvertebrates analysis suggests poor quality of the water and sediments. Genotoxicity tests suggest the presence of toxic substances along the waterbody. Conclusions It is concluded that Itupararanga reservoir has water with poor quality that could be related to the land uses around the reservoir. The comprehensive approach performed here - where distinct sources of monitoring variables was considered - despite the rapid protocol (one campaign), was enough to respond to the distinct anthropic impacts received by the reservoir. Considering it, this approach is recommended as a rapid diagnostic tool. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08272-0 - Trophic descriptors of the reservoirs in the Cantareira systems (São Paulo, SP)
Grantee:Viviane Moschini Carlos
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/03494-4 - The reservoirs of the Cantareira System (Brazil, São Paulo): the relations between bioindicators benthic organisms and the heavy metals contamination
Grantee:Frederico Guilherme de Souza Beghelli
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/11890-4 - Contamination for heavy metal in the sediment of reservoirs of the sistema Cantareira (São Paulo State): perspective or reality?
Grantee:Marcelo Luiz Martins Pompêo
Support type: Regular Research Grants