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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Evaluation and optimization of SYBR Green real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction as a tool for diagnosis of the Flavivirus genus in Brazil

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Author(s):
Romeiro, Marilia Farignoli [1] ; de Souza, William Marciel [1] ; Tolardo, Aline Lavado [1] ; Vieira, Luiz Carlos [1] ; Colombo, Tatiana Elias [2] ; Aquino, Victor Hugo [3] ; Nogueira, Mauricio Lacerda [2] ; Moraes Figueiredo, Luiz Tadeu [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Ctr Pesquisa Virol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Fac Med Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Lab Pesquisa Virol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, Lab Virol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical; v. 49, n. 3, p. 279-285, MAY-JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Introduction: The genus Flavivirus includes several pathogenic species that cause severe illness in humans. Therefore, a rapid and accurate molecular method for diagnosis and surveillance of these viruses would be of great importance. Here, we evaluate and optimize a quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method for the diagnosis of the Flavivirus genus. Methods: We evaluated different commercial kits that use the SYBR Green system for real-time RT-PCR with a primer set that amplifies a fragment of the NS5 flavivirus gene. The specificity and sensitivity of the assay were tested using twelve flaviviruses and ribonucleic acid (RNA) transcribed from the yellow fever virus. Additionally, this assay was evaluated using the sera of 410 patients from different regions of Brazil with acute febrile illness and a negative diagnosis for the dengue virus. Results: The real-time RT-PCR amplified all flaviviruses tested at a melting temperature of 79.92 to 83.49 degrees C. A detection limit of 100 copies per ml was determined for this assay. Surprisingly, we detected dengue virus in 4.1% (17/410) of samples from patients with febrile illness and a supposedly negative dengue infection diagnosis. The viral load in patients ranged from 2.1x10(7)to 3.4x10(3)copies per ml. Conclusions: The real-time RT-PCR method may be very useful for preliminary diagnoses in screenings, outbreaks, and other surveillance studies. Moreover, this assay can be easily applied to monitor viral activity and to measure viral load in pathogenesis studies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24150-9 - Research of virus in wild rodents, mosquitoes and ticks
Grantee:William Marciel de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/14929-1 - Detection of arbovirus and other RNA viruses by real time RT-PCR and study of the viroma
Grantee:Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/20851-8 - Study about Alphavirus and Flavivirus infections in samples of blood bank
Grantee:Marilia Farignoli Romeiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/02836-6 - Development of Real Time RT-PCR techniques for arbovirus that cause human disease and nucleotide sequencing identification of them
Grantee:Marilia Farignoli Romeiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/02256-2 - Development of Real Time RT-PCR for diagnosis of infections by Piry virus and other vesiculovirus
Grantee:Aline Lavado Tolardo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master