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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Pregnancy after kidney transplantation: high rates of maternal complications

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Author(s):
Cristina Candido ; Marina Pontello Cristelli ; Ana Raquel Fernandes ; Andre Caires Alvino de Lima ; Laila Almeida Viana ; Jussara L Sato ; Nelson Sass ; Helio Tedesco-Silva ; Jose Osmar Medina-Pestana
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: J. Bras. Nefrol.; v. 38, n. 4, p. 421-426, Dez. 2016.
Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Women regain fertility a few time after renal transplantation. However, viability of pregnancy and maternal complications are still unclear. Objective: To describe the outcomes of pregnancies in kidney transplanted patients, focusing on maternal complications. Methods: Retrospective study of pregnancies in kidney transplanted patients between 2004 and 2014, followed up 12 months after delivery. Each pregnancy was considered an event. Results: There were 53 pregnancies in 36 patients. Mean age was 28 ± 5years. Pregnancy occurred 4.4 ± 3.0 years post-transplant. Immunosuppression before conception was tacrolimus, azathioprine, and prednisone in 74% of the cases. There were 15% miscarriages in the 1st trimester and 8% in 2nd trimester. In 41% of the cases, it was necessary to induce labor. From all births, 22% were premature and 17% very premature. There were 5% stillbirths and 5% of neonatal deaths. De novo proteinuria occurred in 60%, urinary tract infection in 23%, preeclampsia in 11%, acute rejection in 6%, and graft loss in 2% of the cases. It was observed a significant increase in creatinine at preconception comparing to 3rd trimester and follow-up (1.17 vs. 1.46 vs. 1.59 mg/dL, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Although the sample is limited, the number of miscarriages was higher than in the general population, with high rates of maternal complications. Sustained increase of creatinine suggests increased risk of graft loss in long-term. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00213-7 - Preeclampsia: future risk of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular injury
Grantee:Nelson Sass
Support type: Regular Research Grants