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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mood disorders in the elderly: prevalence, functional impact, and management challenges

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Author(s):
Lane Valiengo, Leandro da Costa ; Stella, Florindo ; Forlenza, Orestes Vicente
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT; v. 12, p. 2105-2114, 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 18
Abstract

Despite the lower prevalence of severe mood disorders in the elderly as compared to younger adults, late-life depression and bipolar disorder (BD) are more strongly associated with negative outcomes related to the presence of medical comorbidities, cognitive deficits, and increased suicide risk and overall mortality. The mechanisms that contribute to these associations are probably multifactorial, involving pathological factors related directly and indirectly to the disease itself, ranging from biological to psychosocial factors. Most of the accumulated knowledge on the nature of these associations derives from naturalistic and observational studies, and controlled data are still scarce. Nonetheless, there has clearly been a recent growth of the scientific interest on late-life BD and geriatric depression. In the present study, we review the most relevant studies on prevalence, clinical presentation, and cognitive/functional impact of mood disorders in elderly. Several clinical-epidemiological studies were dedicated to the study of the prevalence of mood disorders in old age in distinct settings; however, fewer studies investigated the underlying neurobiological findings and treatment specificities in late-life depression and BD. In the present study, we further discuss the implications of these findings on the management of mood disorders in older adults. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/19892-3 - Effects of lithium on the expression and activity of the enzymes Phospholipase A2 and glycogen synthase kinase 3B and its relation to the phosphorylation state of Tau protein
Grantee:Vanessa de Jesus Rodrigues de Paula
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate