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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The microbiota and chronic kidney diseases: a double-edged sword

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Author(s):
Ferreira Felizardo, Raphael Jose ; Castoldi, Angela ; Andrade-Oliveira, Vinicius ; Saraiva Camara, Niels Olsen
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: CLINICAL & TRANSLATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY; v. 5, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 18
Abstract

Recent findings regarding the influence of the microbiota in many inflammatory processes have provided a new way to treat diseases. Now, one may hypothesize that the origin of a plethora of diseases is related to the health of the gut microbiota and its delicate, although complex, interface with the epithelial and immune systems. The `westernization' of diets, for example, is associated with alterations in the gut microbiota. Such alterations have been found to correlate directly with the increased incidence of diabetes and hypertension, the main causes of chronic kidney diseases (CKDs), which, in turn, have a high estimated prevalence. Indeed, data have arisen showing that the progression of kidney diseases is strictly related to the composition of the microbiota. Alterations in the gut microbiota diversity during CKDs do not only have the potential to exacerbate renal injury but may also contribute to the development of associated comorbidities, such as cardiovascular diseases and insulin resistance. In this review, we discuss how dysbiosis through alterations in the gut barrier and the consequent activation of immune system could intensify the progression of CKD and vice versa, how CKDs can modify the gut microbiota diversity and abundance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/15205-4 - Role of short chain fatty acids on experimental focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis
Grantee:Raphael Jose Ferreira Felizardo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 15/18121-4 - Relationship between obesity and intestinal lamina propria cells function in insulin resistance development
Grantee:Angela Castoldi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate