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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hybrid Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment of First- and Second-Generation Ethanol Production Technologies in Brazil

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Watanabe, Marcos D. B. ; Chagas, Mateus F. ; Cavalett, Otavio ; Guilhoto, Joaquim J. M. ; Griffin, W. Michael ; Cunha, Marcelo P. ; Bonomi, Antonio
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY; v. 20, n. 4, p. 764-774, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 12

A hybrid approach combining life cycle assessment and input-output analysis was used to demonstrate the economic and environmental benefits of current and future improvements in agricultural and industrial technologies for ethanol production in Brazilian biorefineries. In this article, three main scenarios were evaluated: first-generation ethanol production with the average current technology; the improved current technology; and the integration of improved first- and second-generation ethanol production. For the improved first-generation scenario, a US\$1 million increase in ethanol demand can give rise to US\$2.5 million of total economic activity in the Brazilian economy when direct and indirect purchases of inputs are considered. This value is slightly higher than the economic activity (US\$1.8 million) for an energy equivalent amount of gasoline. The integration of first- and second-generation technologies significantly reduces the total greenhouse gas emissions of ethanol production: 14.6 versus 86.4 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per megajoule (g CO2-eq/MJ) for gasoline. Moreover, emissions of ethanol can be negative (-10.5 g CO2-eq/MJ) when the system boundary is expanded to account for surplus bioelectricity by displacement of natural gas thermal electricity generation considering electricity produced in first-generation optimized biorefineries. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/15359-1 - Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment as a tool for Virtual Sugarcane Biorefinery
Grantee:Marcos Djun Barbosa Watanabe
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/17139-3 - Environmental impact assessment of different sugarrcane biorefinery configurations with integral use of biomass
Grantee:Otavio Cavalett
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/23175-8 - Integrating life cycle assessment and input-output analysis for the assessment of ethanol production technologies in Brazil
Grantee:Marcos Djun Barbosa Watanabe
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor